Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and socioeconomic status characteristics for the 1973–78 cohort and chi-square associations between these characteristics and caring†

From: Socioeconomic factors associated with trajectories of caring by young and mid-aged women: a cohort study

Characteristics Baseline N (%) Latent classes (N = 14202) x 2
   Overall highest (n = 100) Overall lowest (n = 13,332) Short-term (n = 374) Early high then fluctuating (n = 110) Low then increasing (n = 286)  
Relationship status a        x 2 (4) = 26.3***
Partnered 3,193 (22.4%) 27.0% 22.2% 24.9% 20.9% 34.4%  
Unpartnered 10,984 (77.1%) 73.0% 77.8% 75.1% 79.1% 65.6%  
Area of residence        x 2 (8) = 11.4
Major city 7,375 (51.7%) 41.0% 52.0% 52.9% 51.8% 45.5%  
Inner regional 4,307 (30.2%) 33.0% 30.1% 29.7% 30.9% 35.3%  
Outer region/remote 2,555 (17.9%) 26.0% 17.9% 17.4% 17.2% 19.2%  
Country of birth        x 2 (4) = 3.9
Australia 12,926 (90.7%) 92.0% 91.4% 92.7% 93.6% 94.0%  
Elsewhere 1,206 (8.5%) 8.0% 8.6% 7.3% 6.4% 6.0%  
Occupational status b (S2)        x 2 (16) = 40.6***
No occupation 941 (6.6%) 20.0% 10.0% 11.4% 12.5% 19.0%  
Element cleric/prod 893 (6.3%) 10.0% 9.8% 9.7% 8.8% 12.2%  
Intermed cleric/prod 1,442 (10.1%) 21.4% 15.9% 13.8% 16.2% 12.2%  
Trade/adv cleric 1,510 (10.6%) 10.0% 16.6% 17.3% 11.2% 20.5%  
Manager/professional 4,305 (30.2%) 38.6% 47.7% 47.8% 51.3% 36.1%  
Ability to manage on available income c        x 2 (12) = 43.1***
D always/impossible 2,624 (18.4%) 24.0% 18.1% 24.2% 22.7% 25.0%  
Difficult sometimes 4,706 (33.0%) 39.0% 32.9% 36.3% 29.1% 37.0%  
Not too bad 5,070 (35.6%) 34.0% 36.1% 29.3% 33.6% 29.9%  
Easy 1,795 (12.6%) 3.0% 12.9% 10.2% 14.6% 8.1%  
Labour force/study participation d (S2)        x 2 (20) = 93.2***
No work/no study 1,113 (7.8%) 19.2% 11.2% 13.1% 12.8% 20.8%  
Study/no work 373 (2.6%) 2.6% 3.7% 6.9% 3.5% 6.8%  
PT work + study 1,021 (7.2%) 10.3% 10.4% 15.0% 12.8% 9.1%  
FT work + study 1,322 (9.3%) 11.5% 13.7% 16.4% 10.5% 10.9%  
PT work/no study 1,491 (10.5%) 30.8% 15.2% 16.6% 18.6% 18.5%  
FT work/no study 4,329 (30.4%) 25.6% 45.9% 31.9% 41.9% 33.9%  
Highest educational qualification e        x 2 (12) = 34.4***
≤ 10 years 2,427 (17.0%) 26.0% 16.8% 19.7% 16.4% 23.9%  
11-12 years 7,600 (53.3%) 39.0% 53.9% 49.6% 54.5% 48.6%  
Trade/cert/diploma 2,563 (17.9%) 23.0% 17.9% 21.6% 12.7% 19.7%  
Degree/H degree 1,576 (11.1%) 12.0% 11.2% 9.2% 16.4% 7.8%  
  1. †from latent class analysis; ***P ≤ 0.001 (all 2-sided); apartnered = married/defacto, unpartnered = separated/divorced/widowed/single; boccupational status included ‘occupations they were studying to become’, element cleric prod = elementary clerical or production, intermed cleric prod = intermediate clerical or production, adv cleric = advanced clerical; cD always = difficult always; dPT = part-time ≤34 hours/week, FT = full-time 35+ hours/week; ecert = certificate; H degree = higher degree; s2 = asked at survey 2; all variables had ≤1% missing data except for occupational status (36.2%) and labour force/study participation (32.3%) which were asked at survey 2.