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Table 3 Age and sex-adjusted means of anthropometric and lipid measures by blood pressure among school children

From: The association between obesity and blood pressure in Thai public school children

Variables   Blood pressure criteria   p-value
Normotension (n = 639) Pre-hypertension (n = 27) Hypertension (n = 27)
X ¯ (SE) X ¯ (SE) X ¯ (SE)
Weight (kg) 37.76a,b (0.42) 49.23a (2.05) 53.47b (2.05) < 0.001
Height (cm) 140.61b (0.28) 143.95 (1.35) 144.38b (1.35) 0.002
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 18.76a,b (0.16) 23.43a (0.79) 25.21b (0.79) < 0.001
WC (cm) 69.17a,b (0.43) 82.36a (2.11) 86.42b (2.11) < 0.001
SBP (mmHg) 99.64a,b (0.36) 118.91a,c (1.75) 126.20b,c (1.75) < 0.001
DBP (mmHg) 59.15a,b (0.26) 70.00a (1.28) 71.71b (1.28) < 0.001
FPG (mg/dl) 88.02 (0.22) 90.46 (1.07) 89.00 (1.07) 0.06
TC (mg/dl) 182.29 (1.21) 180.71 (5.88) 180.96 (5.87) 0.95
TG (mg/dl) 82.29a,b (1.64) 105.46a (8.02) 110.40b (8.00) < 0.001
LDL-C (mg/dl) 105.14 (1.07) 107.21 (5.20) 105.56 (5.19) 0.93
HDL-C (mg/dl) 60.69a,b (0.47) 52.36a (2.27) 53.23b (2.27) < 0.001
TC/HDL-C 3.09a,b (0.03) 3.50a (0.13) 3.50b (0.13) < 0.001
  1. Values are presented as mean(SE). Mean difference was analyzed by ANCOVA adjusted age and gender.
  2. Means in row with superscript letter differ as defined pos hoc analysis.
  3. aThe significant difference between normal (normotension) and pre-hypertension (p-value < 0.05).
  4. bThe significant difference between normal and hypertension (p-value < 0.05).
  5. cThe significant difference between pre-hypertension and hypertension (p-value < 0.05).