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Table 2 Correlations among study variables

From: Lower health literacy predicts smoking relapse among racially/ethnically diverse smokers with low socioeconomic status

Variables REALM Age Gender Race Income Education Relationship status HSI Smoking relapse
REALM -         
Age -.09 -        
Gendera .11 -.13 -       
Raceb -.32** -.02 -.05 -      
Incomec .22** .08 -.17* -.21** -     
Educationd .28** .12 -.13 -.14* .25** -    
Relationship Statuse .02 .01 -.34** -.10 .38** .13 -   
HSI -.10 .20** .03 -.15* -.04 -.22** .06 -  
Smoking Relapsef -.18* -.01 .14 .14 -.18* -.14 -.22** .06 -
  1. Note. REALM = Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine. HSI = Heaviness of Smoking Index. aGender: 0 = male, 1 = female; bRace: 0 = non-Latino White, 1 = Black/Other racial/ethnic minority; cTotal Annual Household Income: 0 = < $20,000, 1 ≥ $20,000; dEducation: 0 = < high school degree/GED, 1 ≥ high school degree/GED; eRelationship Status: 0 = not married/not living with partner; 1 = married/living with partner; fSmoking Relapse: 0 = abstinent, 1 = relapsed.
  2. *p < .05; **p < .01.