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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Lower health literacy predicts smoking relapse among racially/ethnically diverse smokers with low socioeconomic status

Variable Total sample (N = 200), Mean (SD) or No. (%)
Age (years; range 18–69) 46.1 (9.7)
Gender  
 Female 115 (57.5)
 Male 85 (42.5)
Race  
 Non-Latino White 102 (51.0)
 Black 89 (44.5)
 Other 9 (4.5)
Total annual household income  
 < $20,000 89 (44.5)
 ≥ $20,000 106 (53.0)
 Missing 5 (2.5)
Educational level  
 < High school degree/GED 64 (32.0)
 ≥ High school degree/GED 136 (68.0)
Relationship status  
 Married/living with partner 58 (29.0)
 Not married/not living with partner 142 (71.0)
REALM 62.3 (5.4)
HSI 3.7 (1.3)
Cessation outcome  
 Relapse 170 (85.0)
 Abstinent 30 (15.0)
  1. Note. REALM = Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine. HSI = Heaviness of Smoking Index.