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Table 3 Adjusted associations (regression coefficients and 95% confidence intervals) of socio-demographic, cultural, and environmental correlates with physical activity-related parenting practices in caregivers of Hispanic-American preschool children (n = 232)

From: Environmental and cultural correlates of physical activity parenting practices among Latino parents with preschool-aged children: Niños Activos

  Physical-activity related parenting practice
Correlate Engagement/structure Register child for sports or dance Have outdoor toys available for child Safety concerns Psychological control Promote inactivity Promote screen time
Socio-demographic        
Child’s gender (ref: male)        
 Female 0.04 (-0.11, 0.19) -0.15 (-0.52, 0.23) -0.25 (-0.52, 0.02) 0.10 (0.08, 0.28) 0.13 (-0.05, 0.31) 0.07 (-0.10, 0.25) 0.01 (-0.17, 0.18)
Child’s age -0.05 (-0.14, 0.04) 0.01 (-0.21, 0.23) -0.10 (-0.25, 0.07) -0.02 (-0.13, 0.09) 0.02 (-0.09, 0.13) -0.20*** (-0.30, -0.10) -0.01 (-0.11, 0.09)
Respondent’s age 0.01 (-0.01, 0.02) -0.02 (-0.05, 0.02) 0.01 (-0.01, 0.04) -0.01 (-0.02, 0.01) -0.02* (-0.03, -0.01) -0.01 (-0.02, 0.01) 0.02* (0.00, 0.03)
# children in household -0.08* (-0.15, -0.02) 0.01 (-0.15, 0.17) 0.01 (-0.11, 0.13) 0.01 (-0.08, 0.08) 0.05 (-0.03, 0.12) -0.05 (-0.12, 0.03) 0.02 (-0.05, 0.10)
Highest education in household (ref: < high or technical school)        
 High or technical school -0.15 (-0.35, 0.06) -0.18 (0.71, 0.35) -0.32 (-0.68, 0.05) -0.15 (-0.40, 0.10) -0.07 (-0.33, 0.19) 0.13 (-0.12, 0.37) 0.02 (-0.22, 0.26)
 At least some college -0.35* (-0.63, -0.06) 0.11 (-0.60, 0.82) -0.49 (-1.01, 0.04) -0.03 (-0.38, 0.32) -0.15 (-0.50, 0.19) 0.01 (-0.32, 0.34) -0.14 (-0.47, 0.18)
Type of home (ref: single family or duplex)        
 Apartment/condo or other 0.12 (-0.06, 0.30) -0.27 (-0.69, 0.14) -0.40* (-0.74, -0.05) 0.20 (-0.03, 0.42) 0.22* (0.01, 0.42) 0.01 (-0.20, 0.21) -0.16 (-0.36, 0.04)
Cultural        
Acculturation – non-Hispanic 0.08 (-0.02, 0.17) -0.02 (-0.26, 0.21) 0.17 (-0.01, 0.34) -0.01 (-0.12, 0.12) -0.05 (-0.16, 0.07) -0.08 (-0.23, 0.07) 0.09 (-0.02, 0.19)
Familism 0.09 (-0.03, 0.22) -0.30 (-0.63, 0.03) -0.09 (-0.32, 0.13) -0.16 (-0.32, -0.01) -0.02 (-0.18, 0.14) -0.01 (-0.12, 0.10) 0.04 (-0.11, 0.19)
Objective environmental        
Crime index 0.001 (-0.001, 0.001) 0.001 (-0.001, 0.002) 0.001 (-0.001, 0.002) -0.001 (-0.001, 0.001) 0.001 (-0.001, 0.001) 0.001 (-0.001, 0.001) -0.001 (-0.001, 0.001)
Traffic index -0.007 (-0.025, 0.011) 0.004 (-0.034, 0.043) -0.003 (-0.040, 0.034) 0.004 (-0.019, 0.027) 0.004 (-0.014, 0.022) 0.005 (-0.015, 0.026) 0.010 (-0.010, 0.029)
Distance to nearest park (km) 0.001 (-0.02, 0.04) 0.01 (-0.06, 0.009) 0.02 (-0.05, 0.09) -0.01 (-0.06, 0.02) 0.03* (0.00, 0.07) 0.03 (-0.01, 0.07) 0.01 (-0.02, 0.05)
Perceived environment        
Signs of physical and social disorder 0.24*** (0.12, 0.36) -0.19 (-0.49, 0.10) -0.15 (-0.38, 0.08) 0.05 (-0.10, 0.21) -0.10 (-0.24, 0.04) -0.07 (-0.21, 0.07) 0.07 (-0.07, 0.21)
Traffic safety 0.16* (0.03, 0.28) 0.12 (-0.19, 0.43) 0.09 (-0.14, 0.33) -0.12 (-0.27, 0.04) 0.03 (-0.12, 0.18) 0.01 (-0.14, 0.15) -0.12 (-0.26, 0.03)
Traffic hazards -0.06 (-0.17, 0.05) -0.12 (-0.40, 0.17) 0.08 (-0.13, 0.28) 0.33*** (0.20, 0.47) 0.09 (-0.04, 0.23) 0.09 (-0.04, 0.22) -0.03 (-0.16, 0.10)
Stranger danger 0.01 (-0.08, 0.10) -0.06 (-0.28, 0.16) 0.02 (-0.15, 0.18) 0.21*** (0.10, 0.32) 0.15** (0.04, 0.26) 0.02 (-0.08, 0.13) -0.03 (-0.13, 0.07)
Availability of active play equipment -0.01 (-0.02, 0.01) 0.01 (-0.02, 0.05) 0.06*** (0.03, 0.09) -0.05*** (-0.06, -0.03) 0.01 (-0.02, 0.02) 0.01 (-0.01, 0.03) 0.00 (-0.02, 0.02)
Places for child’s physical activity 0.03* (0.00, 0.06) 0.08* (0.01, 0.15) 0.01 (-0.04, 0.07) -0.03 (-0.06, 0.01) -0.04* (-0.08, -0.01) 0.01 (-0.03, 0.04) 0.01 (-0.03, 0.03)
Neighborhood informal social control 0.15* (0.03, 0.27) 0.17 (-0.12, 0.46) 0.24* (0.03. 0.46) -0.05 (-0.19, 0.10) 0.12 (-0.02, 0.26) -0.03 (-0.17, 0.10) 0.04 (-0.10, 0.17)
  1. Note: Data were collected in Harris County, TX from July 2011 to March 2012.
  2. All regression analyses were conducted using mixed linear models accounting for CBG-level clustering effects. Ref = reference category; # = number. *p < .05; **p < .01; *** p < .0.