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Table 2 Participant characteristics of primary studies

From: Barriers and facilitators to HPV vaccination of young women in high-income countries: a qualitative systematic review and evidence synthesis

Study Year Participants Participant age (years) Sample size Vaccination Status of Young Women Pre-licensure or Post-licensure period Socioeconomic Race/ethnicity Sex Religion
Allen J, et al. [61] 2011 Parents of daughters aged 9 to 17 years old Not described 64 Mixed Post-licensure Health insurance: 98% Black: 59%, Hispanic: 19%, White: 23% Female: 72% Not described
Bair R, et al. [51] 2008 Latina mothers of daughters aged 7 to 14 years Range: 24 to 40 40 N/A Pre-licensure Parental education: 38% reached 12th to 14th grade Latina: 100% Female: 100% Not described
Brabin L, et al. [53] 2007 Parents of Year 7 (11 to 12 years old) students 46.6% aged 40 to 49 244 N/A Pre-licensure Free school meals: 26.4% White: 67.6%; Black Caribbean: 9.4%; Black African: 7.4%; India sub-continent: 11.5% Not described None: 17.1%; Protestant: 47.1%; Catholic: 20.4%; Muslim: 7.5%
Brown E, et al. [55] 2009 General practitioners and practice nurses Range: 28 to 56 17 N/A Pre-licensure General practices: one deprived area, two affluent area Not described Not described Not described
Bynum S, et al. [31] 2009 Young women aged 14 to 20 Range: 14 to 20 68 Not vaccinated Post-licensure Public insurance: 64.6% African American: 80.3% Female: 100% Not described
Chan Z, et al. [30] 2011 Physicians and general practitioners Not described 12 N/A Post-licensure Not described Not described Not described Not described
Colgrove J, et al. [23] 2010 Key stakeholders Not described 73 N/A Post-licensure Not described Not described Not described Not described
Constantine N, et al. [50] 2007 Parents with one or more daughter aged less than 18 70% of sample aged 30 to 49 522 N/A Pre-licensure Household income > $60,000: 43% Non-Hispanic white: 41%, White: 38%, African-American: 7% Asian: 7% Female: 73.4% Catholic: 38.2%; Protestant: 14.0%; Other Christian: 17.7%; None: 13.6%.
Cooper Robbins S, et al. [43] 2010 Parents, teachers, vaccination nurses, and adolescents Not described 185 Mixed Post-licensure Not described Not described All female, except one Not described
Cooper Robbins S, et al. [64] 2010 Parents, teachers, vaccination nurses, and adolescents Not described 185 Mixed Post-licensure Not described Not described All female, except one Not described
Dempsey M, et al. [49] 2009 Mothers of vaccine eligible young women Mean (vaccine declined): 41. Mean (vaccine received): 45 52 Mixed Post-licensure Some college/4-year degree: vaccine declined: 58%; vaccine received: 67%. Not described Female: 100% Not described
Do H, et al. [36] 2009 Key informants and parents of at least one daughter eligible for HPV vaccine 70% of the sample aged > 40 50 Mixed Post-licensure Education < 12 years: 59% American-Cambodian: 100% Female: 51% Not described
D’Souza C, et al. [37] 2011 School-age girls, youth centre attendees, and university participants Not described Not described Vaccinated Post-licensure Not described Australian: 80% Female: 100% Not described
Friedman A, et al. [62] 2007 Adults aged 25 to 45 Range: 25 to 45 314 N/A Pre-licensure Not described Caucasian: 33%, Hispanic: 33%, African American: 33% Female: 50% Not described
Gordon D, et al. [44] 2011 Jewish mothers of vaccine eligible daughters 85% of sample aged 40 to 49 20 Mixed Post-licensure Degree education: 65% Not described Female: 100% Jewish: 100%
Gottvall M, et al. [39] 2011 School nurses Range: 35 to 60 30 N/A Pre-licensure Not described Not described Not described Not described
Hilton S, et al. [58] 2011 Young women aged 12 to 18 Range: 12 to 18 87 Mixed Post-licensure High and low areas of deprivation Not described Female: 100% Not described
Hilton S, et al. [42] 2011 School nurses Not described 30 N/A Post-licensure Not described Not described Not described Not described
Hughes C, et al. [41] 2011 Mother-daughter-physician triads Young women range: 11 to 18 60 Mixed Post-licensure Mothers: education high school or less: 45% Mothers: Black 60%, White 40%. Clinicians: Black 10%, White 75%. Female: Clinicians 80% Not described
Humiston S, et al. [25] 2009 Primary care practitioners Not described 35 N/A Pre-licensure Not described Not described Not described Not described
Hutson S, et al. [60] 2012 Women aged 18 to 50 Range: 18 to 49 39 Mixed Post-licensure Not described Appalachian community Female: 100% Not described
Javanbakht M, et al. [28] 2012 Healthcare professionals Not described 21 N/A Post-licensure Not described Not described Not described Not described
Kahn J, et al. [40] 2007 Paediatricians Range: 30 to 78 31 N/A Pre-licensure Not described White: 58%, Black: 29%, Latino: 13% Female: 55% Not described
Katz M, et al. [34] 2009 Parents, community leaders, and healthcare providers Range: 21 to 69 114 N/A Pre-licensure Various White:106, Non-Hispanic: 111 Not described Not described
Kwan C, et al. [32] 2008 Girls aged 13 to 20 Range: 13 to 20 64 N/A Pre-licensure Parental education: Secondary 64% Chinese: 100% Female: 100% Not described
Marlow L, et al. [45] 2009 Black/Black British and Asian/Asian British mothers Not described 20 N/A Pre-licensure Degree education: 50% Asian: 50% Black: 50% Female: 100% Christian: 40%; Hindu: 10%; Muslim: 30%, no religion: 10%
Mays R, et al. [47] 2004 Parents with children aged 8 to 17 Range: 26 to 55 34 N/A Pre-licensure College: 50% Not described Female: 85% Not described
Mishra A, et al. [56] 2012 Vaccine scientists and healthcare providers Not described 15 N/A Post-licensure Not described Not described Not described Not described
Olshen E, et al. [46] 2005 Parents Mean: Urban participants; 40.5 Suburban participants; 44.7 25 N/A Pre-licensure Completed college: 32% White: 44%, Black: 28%, Hispanic:16% Female: 88% Not described
Oscarsson M, et al. [38] 2011 Midwives Range: 38 to 62 13 N/A Post-licensure Not described Not described Not described Not described
Perkins R, et al. [29] 2010 Parents of vaccine eligible girls aged 11 to 18 Range: 31 to 60 73 Mixed Post-licensure Years of education: mean; 13 Caucasian: 26%, African-American: 25%, Afro-Caribbean or African: 21%, Latin; 29% Females: 92% Expressed religious affiliation: 82%
Perkins R, et al. [35] 2010 Low income parents Range: 31 to 60 76 Mixed Post-licensure Years of education: mean; 13 Caucasian: 26%, African-American: 25%, Afro-Caribbean or African: 21%, Latin; 29% Females: 92% Expressed religious affiliation: 82%
Quinn T, et al. [27] 2012 Physicians Not described 112 N/A Post-licensure Not described Not described Not described Not described
Shafer A, et al. [63] 2011 Female caregivers of 11 to 12 year old girls Not described 40 Not vaccinated Post-licensure Not described African American: 58%, American Indian: 23%, Caucasian: 18% Female: 100% Not described
Stretch R, et al. [57] 2009 School nurses Not described 15 N/A Post-licensure Not described Not described Not described Not described
Sussman A, et al. [59] 2007 Paediatricians Not described 37 N/A Pre-licensure Not described Not described Female: 86% Not described
Teitelman A, et al. [33] 2011 Girls aged 13 to 26 Range: 13 to 26 34 Mixed Post-licensure Low income population Black: 74% Female: 100% Not described
Tissot A, et al. [26] 2007 Paediatricians Mean: 46.9 31 N/A Pre-licensure Not described White: 58%, Black: 29%, Asian American: 7% Female: 55% Not described
Toffolon-Weiss M, et al. [48] 2008 Native Alaskan parents of adolescents aged 9 to 18 38% aged between 41 and 50 80 Mixed Post-licensure Not described Alaskan natives Female: 81% Not described
Waller J, et al. [52] 2006 Mothers of girls aged 8 to 14 Range: 31 to 48 24 N/A Pre-licensure Degree level: 50%, Not described Female: 100% Not described
Williams K, et al. [54] 2010 Girls aged 17 to 18 Range: 17 to 18 10 Mixed Post-licensure Not described White British: 80%; British Asian: 20% Female: 100% None: 80%; Muslim: 20%