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Table 4 Linear regression of factors associated with physical activity

From: Socio-demographic, medical and social-cognitive correlates of physical activity behavior among older adults (45–70 years): a cross-sectional study

Variables Unstandardized coefficients T p-value Confidence interval
  β SE    Lower Upper
Step 1 Background factors*       
Constant 2.166 .257 8.422 .000 1.662 2.670
Age -.014 .003 -4.411 .000 -.021 -.008
Education level (low is reference category)       
DUMMY intermediate education .138 .047 2.937 .003 .046 .229
DUMMY high education .167 .048 3.460 .001 .072 .262
BMI -.021 .004 -4.975 .000 -.030 -.013
Work situation -.203 .047 -4.345 .000 -.294 -.111
Gender .166 .039 4.219 .000 .089 .243
Region of residence .210 .037 5.632 .000 .137 .283
Smoking behavior -.187 .046 -4.052 .000 -.278 -.097
Awareness -.233 .038 -6.176 .000 -.307 -.159
Habit .136 .007 19.258 .000 .122 .150
Step 2 Social cognitive factors**       
Constant 1.086 .284 3.829 .000 .530 1.643
Age -.010 .003 -3.156 .002 -.016 -.004
Education level (low is reference category)       
DUMMY intermediate education .107 .046 2.303 .021 .016 .198
DUMMY high education .144 .048 3.008 .003 .050 .237
BMI -.019 .004 -4.474 .000 -.028 -.011
Work situation -.182 .046 -3.941 .000 -.273 -.092
Gender .195 .039 5.009 .000 .119 .271
Region of residence .213 .037 5.773 .000 .141 .286
Smoking behavior -.166 .046 -3.636 .000 -.256 -.076
Awareness -.207 .037 -5.512 .000 -.280 -.133
Habit .093 .009 10.934 .000 .076 .110
Advantages (attitude) .007 .002 3.065 .002 .003 .012
Descriptive norm -.016 .007 -2.163 .031 -.031 -.002
Perceived behavioral control .027 .003 9.421 .000 .021 .032
Step 3 Intention and actual control*** FINAL MODEL
Constant 1.250 .283 4.411 .000 .694 1.805
Age -.011 .003 -3.470 .001 -.017 -.005
Education level (low is reference category)       
DUMMY intermediate education .095 .046 2.052 .040 .004 .185
DUMMY high education .135 .048 2.834 .005 .042 .228
BMI -.019 .004 -4.408 .000 -.027 -.010
Work situation -.183 .046 -3.969 .000 -.273 -.092
Gender .191 .039 4.947 .000 .115 .267
Region of residence .215 .037 5.849 .000 .143 .286
Smoking -.165 .045 -3.644 .000 -.254 -.076
Awareness -.211 .037 -5.660 .000 -.284 -.138
Habit .083 .009 9.481 .000 .066 .100
Advantages (attitude) .006 .002 2.531 .011 .001 .011
Descriptive norm -.022 .007 -2.998 .003 -.037 -.008
Perceived behavioral control .019 .003 6.038 .000 .013 .025
Action plan .039 .018 2.248 .025 .005 .074
Intention (stages) .077 .013 5.994 .000 .052 .102
Women**** FINAL MODEL
Constant 1.935 .340 5.683 .000 1.267 2.603
Age -.018 .004 -4.330 .000 -.026 -.010
BMI -.016 .006 -2.822 .005 -.027 -.005
Work situation -.126 .062 -2.028 .043 -.248 -.004
Region of residence .257 .051 4.998 .000 .156 .358
Awareness -.210 .052 -4.035 .000 -.313 -.108
Habit .058 .012 4.643 .000 .012 .030
Perceived behavioral control .021 .005 4.659 .000 .033 .082
Action plan .058 .025 2.381 .017 .010 .106
Intention (stage) .085 .019 4.571 .000 .048 .121
Men***** FINAL MODEL
Constant .946 .260 3.637 .000 .436 1.457
Education level (low is reference category)       
DUMMY intermediate education .165 .061 2.726 .007 .046 .284
DUMMY high education .217 .062 3.498 .000 .095 .338
BMI -.024 .006 -3.784 .000 -.036 -.011
Work situation -.128 .051 -2.501 .013 -.229 -.028
Alcohol consumption -.171 .069 -2.486 .013 -.307 -.036
Region of residence .174 .051 3.373 .001 .073 .275
Marital status -.168 .069 -2.429 .015 -.304 -.032
Smoking -.254 .063 -4.057 .000 -.377 -.131
Awareness -.197 .052 -3.798 .000 -.299 -.095
Habit .099 .012 8.431 .000 .076 .122
Perceived behavioral control .019 .004 4.654 .000 .011 .028
Intention (stages) .056 .017 3.266 .001 .022 .090
  1. Dependent variable: Hours/week moderately physically active; *Step 1: R2 = .20, **Step 2: R2 = .24, ***Step 3: R2 = .25; ****Women: Step 1: R2 = .18, Step 2: R2 = .23, Step 3: R2 = .24; *****Men: Step 1: R2 = .22, Step 2: R2 = .25, Step 3: R2 = .25.