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Table 2 Summary of scale score comparisons between the ACHESS and population data from the HOYVS (CHQ) and VCHWS (SDQ) using mixed effects multiple linear regression models

From: Parent-reported measures of child health and wellbeing in same-sex parent families: a cross-sectional survey

Scale   β (95% CI) P value
CHQa Physical functioning 0.78 (-1.79, 3.35) .55
  Role-emotional/behavioral -1.22 (-4.02, 1.57) .39
  Role-physical -0.89 (-3.60, 1.81) .52
  Bodily pain -1.70 (-4.60, 1.20) .25
  General behavior 2.93 (0.35, 5.52) .03
  Mental health -0.85 (-3.05, 1.35) .45
  Self esteem 1.13 (-1.56, 3.82) .41
  General health 5.60 (2.69, 8.52) <.001
  Parental impact-emotional 0.16 (-2.92, 3.24) .92
  Parental impact-time -1.45 (-3.96, 1.05) .23
  Family activities 0.38 (-3.22, 2.46) .79
  Family cohesion 6.01 (2.84, 9.17) <.001
SDQb Emotional symptoms -0.02 (-0.23, 0.28) .91
  Conduct problems -0.05 (-0.29, 0.18, .65
  Hyperactivity/inattention -0.10 (-0.49, 0.29) .61
  Peer problems -0.01 (-0.27, 0.25) .93
  Prosocial -0.03 (-0.30, 0.24) .83
  Total difficulties -0.20 (-1.05, 0.65) .65
  1. aChildren aged 5-18 years; adjusted for fixed effects predictors of child’s gender, child’s age, biological child, parent’s age, parent’s gender, parent’s country of birth, in a relationship, parent’s education, and parent’s employment status, and the random effects predictor of family.
  2. bChildren aged 4-12 years; adjusted for fixed effects predictors of child’s gender, child’s age, biological child, parent’s age, in a relationship, parent’s education, and household income, and the random effects predictor of family.