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Table 1 Overall prevalence of anemia by age, gender, financial status and birth weight

From: Prevalence of anemia among under-5 children in the Ghanaian population: estimates from the Ghana demographic and health survey

Characteristic Sample size(n) Prevalence of anemia % (Weighted) Prevalence of anemia % (Unweighted) p- value*
(95% confidence interval) (95% confidence interval)
Age** in years Total 2168 78·4 (76·7 - 80·2) 80·1 (78·4 - 81·8) < 0·0001
6 months<age< 1 260 85·1 (80·5 - 89·6) 86·5 (82·2 - 90·6)
1≤ age < 2 521 85·1 (81·9 - 88·2) 87·1 (84·2 - 90·0)
2≤ age < 3 465 80·1 (76·2 - 83·7) 81·1 (77·5 - 84·7)
3≤ age <4 432 74·1 (69·8 - 78·0) 75·5 (71·2 - 79·4)
4≤ age <5 490 70·5 (66·2 - 74·4) 72·2 (68·1 - 76·1)
  < 2 781 85·1 (82·6-87·7) 86·9 (84·6- 89·3) < 0·0001
2≤ age <5 1387 74·8 (72·5-77·1) 76·2 (73·6 – 78·5)
Gender Male 1095 79·6 (77·1 - 81·9) 81·4 (78·9 - 83·6) 0·1670
Female 1073 77·1 (74·4 - 79·6) 78·8 (76·2 - 81·2)
Financial status Low 1223 85·6 (83·4 - 87·7) 86·2 (84·2 - 88·1) < 0·0001
Middle 344 81·0 (76·7 - 84·8) 81·1 (76·9 - 85·2)
High 601 66·3 (62·6 - 69·7) 67·1 (63·2 - 70·8)
Birth weight*** Large 1179 77·3 (74·9 - 79·7) 79·2 (76·9 - 81·5) 0·4530
Average 664 79·3 (76·1 - 82·3) 80·6 (77·6 - 83·6)
Small 306 80·1 (75·5 - 84·8) 81·7 (77·3 - 86·1)
Has symptoms of infection*** Yes 945 83·3 (80·7 - 85·6) 84·4 (81·9 - 86·7) < 0·0001
No 1219 74·6 (72·0 - 77·1) 76·7 (74·2 - 79·0)
  1. *p-value shows the difference in prevalence across the various groups within each category.
  2. **only children aged from 6 months to below 5 years are included in the analysis.
  3. ***the analysis did not include children with missing information on birth weight and on infection or illness indicators respectively.