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Table 3 Risk factors for depression after natural disasters in children

From: A meta-analysis of risk factors for depression in adults and children after natural disasters

 

All studies

High quality

Adjustment

Exclude wenchuan

Within 6 months

 

N

OR (95%cl)

I2

Egger test

Trim and fill

N

OR (95%cl)

N

OR (95%cl)

N

OR (95%cl)

N

OR (95%cl)

(P value)

Basic characteristics

             

Age (older)

7

1.20 (0.92-1.55)

73.5%

P = 0.663

-

2

1.01 (0.67-1.52)

6

1.60 (0.88-1.53)

3

1.10 (0.75-1.62)

4

1.21 (0.84-1.74)

(p =0.001)

Gender (female)

9

0.88 (0.61-1.27)

87.9%

P = 0.023

0.88 (0.61-1.27)

4

0.94 (0.50-1.76)

7

0.92 (0.61-1.39)

4

0.51 (0.26-0.99)

4

0.83 (0.44-1.56)

(p <0.001)

Prior trauma (yes)

3

1.73 (1.16-2.58)

86.6%

P = 0.555-

-

2

1.94 (1.21-3.11)

3

1.73 (1.16-2.58)

2

1.82 (0.95-3.49)

2

1.47 (1.21-1.78)

(p = 0.001)

Trauma characteristics

             

Being trapped (yes)

3

1.73 (1.17-2.56)

0%

P = 0.218

-

1

1.70 (1.02-2.84)

2

2.15 (0.82- 5.65)

1

6.03 (0.79-45.93)

2

2.15 (0.71-6.47)

(p = 0.464)

Scare (yes)

4

2.39 (1.50-3.82)

52.9%

P = 0.110

-

2

2.20 (0.10-4.88)

2

2.20 (0.10-4.88)

1

2.73 (1.02-7.29)

1

3.07 (1.47-6.40)

(p = 0.095)

Injury (yes)

5

2.60 (1.49-5.53)

49.1%

(p = 0.097)

P = 0.722

-

2

2.69 (0.69-10.44)

3

3.01 (1.17-7.72)

3

3.08 (1.23-7.73)

2

3.54 (1.99-6.30)

Witness injury/death (yes)

6

1.68 (1.33-2.10)

42.5%

P = 0.461

-

3

1.43 (1.00-2.04)

4

1.46 (1.09-1.94)

2

2.11 (1.15-3.86)

2

2.48 (1.46-4.21)

(p = 0.122)

Bereavement (yes)

6

2.85 (1.59-5.11)

74.7%

P = 0.014

2.01 (1.12-3.62)

2

2.26 (0.81-6.29)

4

2.64 (1.31-5.34)

3

3.02 (1.11-8.26)

3

4.58 (1.12-18.78)

(p = 0.001)

Post-trauma characteristics

             

Social support (yes)

1

0.21 (0.15-0.28)

-

-

-

1

0.21 (0.15-0.28)

1

0.21 (0.15-0.28)

1

0.21 (0.15-0.28)

1

0.21 (0.15-0.28)

Loss of property (yes)

5

0.97 (0.83-1.15)

14.0%

P = 0.037

-

3

0.92 (0.79-1.06)

5

0.97 (0.83-1.15)

2

1.25 (0.54-2.89)

1

1.02 (0.71-1.47)

(p = 0.325)

House damage (yes)

5

1.05 (0.84-1.32)

0%

P = 0.141

-

3

1.00 (0.76-1.34)

5

1.05 (0.84-1.32)

2

1.41 (0.87-2.27)

3

1.24 (0.90-1.69)

   

(p = 0.500)