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Table 3 Risk factors for depression after natural disasters in children

From: A meta-analysis of risk factors for depression in adults and children after natural disasters

  All studies High quality Adjustment Exclude wenchuan Within 6 months
  N OR (95%cl) I2 Egger test Trim and fill N OR (95%cl) N OR (95%cl) N OR (95%cl) N OR (95%cl)
(P value)
Basic characteristics              
Age (older) 7 1.20 (0.92-1.55) 73.5% P = 0.663 - 2 1.01 (0.67-1.52) 6 1.60 (0.88-1.53) 3 1.10 (0.75-1.62) 4 1.21 (0.84-1.74)
(p =0.001)
Gender (female) 9 0.88 (0.61-1.27) 87.9% P = 0.023 0.88 (0.61-1.27) 4 0.94 (0.50-1.76) 7 0.92 (0.61-1.39) 4 0.51 (0.26-0.99) 4 0.83 (0.44-1.56)
(p <0.001)
Prior trauma (yes) 3 1.73 (1.16-2.58) 86.6% P = 0.555- - 2 1.94 (1.21-3.11) 3 1.73 (1.16-2.58) 2 1.82 (0.95-3.49) 2 1.47 (1.21-1.78)
(p = 0.001)
Trauma characteristics              
Being trapped (yes) 3 1.73 (1.17-2.56) 0% P = 0.218 - 1 1.70 (1.02-2.84) 2 2.15 (0.82- 5.65) 1 6.03 (0.79-45.93) 2 2.15 (0.71-6.47)
(p = 0.464)
Scare (yes) 4 2.39 (1.50-3.82) 52.9% P = 0.110 - 2 2.20 (0.10-4.88) 2 2.20 (0.10-4.88) 1 2.73 (1.02-7.29) 1 3.07 (1.47-6.40)
(p = 0.095)
Injury (yes) 5 2.60 (1.49-5.53) 49.1%
(p = 0.097)
P = 0.722 - 2 2.69 (0.69-10.44) 3 3.01 (1.17-7.72) 3 3.08 (1.23-7.73) 2 3.54 (1.99-6.30)
Witness injury/death (yes) 6 1.68 (1.33-2.10) 42.5% P = 0.461 - 3 1.43 (1.00-2.04) 4 1.46 (1.09-1.94) 2 2.11 (1.15-3.86) 2 2.48 (1.46-4.21)
(p = 0.122)
Bereavement (yes) 6 2.85 (1.59-5.11) 74.7% P = 0.014 2.01 (1.12-3.62) 2 2.26 (0.81-6.29) 4 2.64 (1.31-5.34) 3 3.02 (1.11-8.26) 3 4.58 (1.12-18.78)
(p = 0.001)
Post-trauma characteristics              
Social support (yes) 1 0.21 (0.15-0.28) - - - 1 0.21 (0.15-0.28) 1 0.21 (0.15-0.28) 1 0.21 (0.15-0.28) 1 0.21 (0.15-0.28)
Loss of property (yes) 5 0.97 (0.83-1.15) 14.0% P = 0.037 - 3 0.92 (0.79-1.06) 5 0.97 (0.83-1.15) 2 1.25 (0.54-2.89) 1 1.02 (0.71-1.47)
(p = 0.325)
House damage (yes) 5 1.05 (0.84-1.32) 0% P = 0.141 - 3 1.00 (0.76-1.34) 5 1.05 (0.84-1.32) 2 1.41 (0.87-2.27) 3 1.24 (0.90-1.69)
    (p = 0.500)