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Table 2 Risk Factors for depression after natural disasters in adults

From: A meta-analysis of risk factors for depression in adults and children after natural disasters

  All studies High quality Adjustment Exclude wenchuan Within 6 months
  N OR (95% Cl) I2
(P value)
Egger test Trim and fill N OR (95% Cl) N OR (95% Cl) N OR (95% Cl) N OR (95% Cl)
Basic characteristics              
Age (older) 13 1.03 (0.70-1.51) 80.8% P = 0.839 - 5 1.37 (0.86-2.17) 8 0.98 (0.56-1.70) 8 0.93 (0.61-1.44) 6 0.81 (0.37-1.78)
(p < 0.001)
Gender (female) 18 1.57 (1.39-1.79) 18.5% p = 0.282 - 8 1.60 (1.35-1.90) 13 1.65 (1.43-1.89) 13 1.61 (1.41-1.84) 10 1.74 (1.50-2.02)
(p = 0.233)
Education (lower) 14 1.70 (1.29-2.23) 72.7% P = 0.008 1.31 (0.98-1.76) 7 1.44 (1.04-1.99) 7 1.93 (1.20-3.10) 9 1.48 (1.13-1.93) 9 2.18 (1.41-3.37)
(p < 0.001)
Marry (not) 12 1.43 (1.03-1.98) 73.7% P = 0.030 1.43 (1.03-1.98) 5 1.15 (0.95-1.40) 6 2.47 (0.90-6.78) 7 1.02 (0.80-1.30) 7 1.47 (0.88-2.47)
(p < 0.001)
Religion (yes) 4 1.37 (1.02-1.86) 0% P = 0.469 - 2 1.51 (1.07-2.13) - - 2 1.25 (0.74-2.11) 2 1.25 (0.74-2.11)
(p = 0.635)
Prior trauma (yes) 4 2.26 (1.34-3.81) 67.9% P = 0.352 - 1 1.50 (0.80-2.60) 2 1.73 (1.33-2.25) 4 1.73 (1.33-2.25) 2 2.85 (0.90-8.96)
(p = 0.025)
Prior physical illness (yes) 5 1.71 (0.91-3.20) 81.3% P = 0.175 - 2 1.34 (0.99-1.83) 2 2.42 (0.58-10.08) 1 4.28 (1.78-10.30) 2 1.59 (0.24-10.35)
(p < 0.001)
Trauma characteristics              
Being trapped (yes) 2 1.01 (0.60-1.69) 0% - - - - 1 0.94 (0.54-1.62) 1 0.94 (0.54-1.62) 2 1.01 (0.60-1.69)
(p = 0.465)
Scare (yes) 2 1.58 (1.37-1.83) 0% - - 2 1.58 (1.37-1.83) 2 1.58 (1.37-1.83) - - - -
(p = 0.535)
Injure (yes) 5 1.69 (1.39-2.06) 0% P = 0.559 - 3 1.83 (1.43-2.35) 4 1.66 (1.36-2.04) 2 1.49 (1.12-1.97) 3 1.55 (1.19-2.02)
(p = 0.655)
Witness injury/death (yes) 3 1.25 (0.98-1.60) 0% P = 0.120 - 2 1.32 (0.92-1.88) - - 2 1.32 (0.92-1.88) 2 1.23 (0.93-1.64)
( p = 0.931)
Bereavement (yes) 6 1.51 (1.22-1.86) 0% P = 0.454 - 4 1.43 (1.11-1.83) 4 1.54 (1.21-1.97) 3 1.49 (1.12-1.99) 2 1.52 (1.12-2.05)
(p = 0.906)
Post-trauma characteristics              
Social support (yes) 8 0.95 (0.90-1.01) 90.1% P = 0.014 0.95 (0.90-1.01) 4 0.99 (0.95-1.03) 6 0.95 (0.89-1.01) 5 0.5 (0.31-0.80) 2 0.92 (0.77-1.10)
(p < 0.001)
Employment (no) 9 1.55 (1.02-2.37) 89.4% P = 0.703 - 5 1.57 (1.30-1.91) 9 1.55 (1.02-2.37) 6 1.80 (1.04-3.12) 4 1.85 (0.85-4.01)
(p < 0.001)
Loss of property (yes) 7 1.66 (1.11-2.47) 74.7% P = 0.512 - 5 1.32 (0.92-1.91) 3 2.02 (0.92-4.43) 5 1.91 (1.15-3.20) 3 2.14 (1.01-4.54)
(p = 0.001)
House damage (yes) 8 1.40 (1.00-1.88) 51.3% P = 0.308 - 5 1.65 (1.04-2.63) 3 1.66 (0.89-3.10) 4 1.38 (1.01-1.89) 6 1.37 (0.94-2.01)
(p = 0.045)