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Table 1 General characteristic of the included studies with regard to risk factors for depression after natural disasters

From: A meta-analysis of risk factors for depression in adults and children after natural disasters

Id Author Year Country Disaster type Study design Population Diagnosis of depression Sample size Depression prevalence Interval between research and disaster Male% Age Quality
1 Guo 2014 China Wenchuan earthquake cross section adults Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale 633 22.9% 6 months 41.7% 31-86 7
2 Nillni 2013 Armenia Hurricane Katrina cross section adults Patient Health Questionnaire-9 810 11.7% 18 month 47.8% > = 18 6
3 Boscarino 2013 US Hurricane Sandy cross section adults A major depressive disorder scale 200 6.0% 6 months 35% > = 18 6
4 Zhou 2013 China Wenchuan earthquake cross section adults Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR axis I disorder 14207 11.0% 6 months 48.42% >15 6
5 Gigantesco 2013 Italy L’Aquila earthquake cross section adults Patient Health Questionnaire 8 895 5.8% 14–19 months 49.2% 18-69 7
6 Cheng 2013 China Wenchuan earthquake cross section adults Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders 182 48.9% 12 months 34.8% > = 18 6
7 Cerda 2013 Haiti Haiti earthquake cross section adults Patient Health Questionnaire 9 1315 28.3% 2–4 months 28.9% > = 18 6
8 Vu 2012 Armenia Hurricane Katrina cohort adults 18-item Vietnamese depression scale 128 8.5% 12 month 66.4% 28–52 7
9 Zhang 2012 China Yushu earthquake cross section adults Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25 505 38.6% 3–4 months 53.5% 16 - 87 7
10 Zhang 2012 China Wenchuan earthquake cross section the Elderly Hopkins Symptoms Checklist‒25 274 35.2% 14 months 38% 60-98 9
11 Zhang 2011 China Wenchuan earthquake cross section adults Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25 1181 49.6% 1 year 37.3 16-98 9
12 Tracy 2011 America Hurricane Ike cross section adults Patient Health Questionnaire-9 658 4.9% 2-5 months 49.4% > = 18 7
13 Paranjothy 2011 England UK floods cross section adults Patient Health Questionnaire-9 2113 13.3% 3 months and 6 months 48% 16-96 6
14 Anwar 2011 Pakistan Pakistan earthquake cross section women Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 387 54.0% 4 years - 15-49 7
15 Amstadter 2009 Vietnam typhoon Xangsane cross section adults Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV 798 5.9% 3 months - 18-96 6
16 Van Griensven 2006 Thailand Thailand Tsunami cross section adults Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 1061 20.4% 1 month 38.6% 15-90 6
17 Chou 2007 China (taiwan) Chi-Chi earthquake cross section adults Mini-international Neuropsychiatric Interview 216 11.6% 6 month, 2 years, 3 years 45.8% > = 16 6
18 Acierno 2007 France Florida hurricane cross section adults Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV 1452 6.1% 6-9 months 48.1% > = 18 6
19 Chou 2005 Taiwan (china) Chi-Chi earthquake cross section adults Mini-international Neuropsychiatric Interview 442 9.5% 4-6 months 48.4% > = 16 7
20 Armenian 2002 Armenia Armenian Earthquak case control adults Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R 760 52.0% 2 year 45.1% 13-70 9
21 Adams 2014 Armenia Spring 2011 tornado cross section children National Survey of Adolescents Depression module for DSM-IV 1514 7.5% 8.8 months 49.1% 12-17 8
22 Ye 2014 China Wenchuan earthquake cross section children Depression Self-rating Scale for Children 1573 27.4% 6 months 45.8% 15 (mean) 7
23 Pan 2013 China Wenchuan earthquake cross section children Zung self-rating Dep11ression Scale 362 44.8% 3 years 43.6% 11-16 8
24 Kadak 2013 Turkey Van earthquake cross section children Child Depression Inventory 738 37.7% 6 months 55.0% 13-17 6
25 Wang 2012 China Wenchuan earthquake cross section children Depression Self-rating Scale for Children 1841 19.5% 10 months 48.7% 11-20 7
26 Liu 2011 China Wenchuan earthquake cross section children Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children 330 14.5% 6 months and 12 months 50.0% 8-12 4
27 Fan 2011 China Wenchuan earthquake cross section children The Depression Self-rating Scale for Children 2081 24.5% 6 months 45.9% 14.5 (mean) 6
28 Lau 2010 China Wenchuan earthquake cross section children Children’s Depression Inventory 3324 22.6% 1 month 54.3% 12-18 7
29 Jia 2010 China Wenchuan earthquake cross section children Children’s Depression Inventory 596 13.9% 15 months 49.8% 8 - 16 7
30 Thienkrua 2006 Thailand Thailand tsunami cross section children Birleson Depression Self-Rating Scale 371 8.4% 2 months and 9 months 46.9% 7-14 6
31 Eksi 2007 Turkey Turkey earthquake cross section children Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV 160 30.6% 6-20 weeks 36.3% 9-18 6