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Table 4 Intention-to-treat analysis of the effects of the Gum Marom Kids League for all outcome variables

From: Physical fitness and mental health impact of a sport-for-development intervention in a post-conflict setting: randomised controlled trial nested within an observational study of adolescents in Gulu, Uganda

Gender assessment time Multi-stage fitness test Standing broad jump BMI-for-age Depression-like syndrome Anxiety-like syndrome
(km/hr) (cm) (z-score) (score) (score)
Intervention vs wait-listed: Between group difference in mean change (95% CI) and standardised effect size (95% CI)
Boys (Crude)      
  Difference -0.16 (-0.54 to 0.23) -8.30 (-14.83 to -1.77)* -0.02 (-0.20 to 0.16) 9.30 (4.52 to 14.09)* 2.30 (0.61 to 3.99)*
  Effect size -0.13 (-0.46 to 0.19) -0.42 (-0.75 to -0.09)* -0.04 (-0.36 to 0.29) 0.64 (0.30 to 0.97)* 0.45 (0.12 to 0.78)*
Boys (Adjust # )
  Difference 0.00 (-0.33 to 0.34) -4.43 (-10.94 to 2.09) 0.01 (-0.21 to 0.22) 8.18 (4.11 to 12.27)* 2.34 (1.12 to 3.56)*
  Effect size 0.00 (-0.32 to 0.33) -0.23 (-0.56 to 0.10) 0.01 (-0.31 to 0.34) 0.67 (0.33 to 1.00)* 0.63 (0.30 to 0.96)*
Intervention vs non-registered: Between group difference in mean change (95% CI) and standardised effect size (95% CI)
Boys (Crude)      
  Difference -0.01 (-0.30 to 0.27) -5.84 (-10.30 to -1.38)* -0.09 (-0.21 to 0.03) 5.11 (1.84 to 8.37)* 1.49 (0.20 to 2.77)*
  Effect size -0.01 (-0.26 to 0.23) -0.32 (-0.57 to -0.08)* -0.19 (-0.43 to 0.06) 0.38 (0.14 to 0.63)* 0.28 (0.04 to 0.53)*
Boys (Adjust # )      
  Difference 0.18 (-0.13 to 0.49) -4.49 (-9.70 to 0.72) -0.10 (-0.25 to 0.05) 5.16 (1.51 to 8.80)* 1.94 (0.62 to 3.26)*
  Effect size 0.10 (-0.14 to 0.35) -0.15 (-0.40 to 0.09) -0.11 (-0.36 to 0.13) 0.25 (0.00 to 0.49)* 0.26 (0.01 to 0.50)*
Girls (Crude)
  Difference -0.16 (-0.11 to 0.44) 1.12 (-2.91 to 5.15) 0.00 (-0.08 to 0.08) -0.39 (-3.75 to 2.98) 0.08 (-1.14 to 1.30)
  Effect size -0.14 (-0.37 to 0.09) 0.06 (-0.17 to 0.29) 0.00 (-0.23 to 0.22) -0.03 (-0.26 to 0.20) 0.02 (-0.21 to 0.24)
Girls (Adjust # )
  Difference 0.28 (-0.04 to 0.60) 2.27 (-3.05 to 7.58) 0.02 (-0.09 to 0.12) -1.61 (-5.72 to 2.51) 0.03 (-1.40 to 1.46)
  Effect size 0.14 (-0.09 to 0.37) 0.07 (-0.16 to 0.30) 0.02 (-0.21 to 0.25) -0.06 (-0.29 to 0.17) 0.00 (-0.23 to 0.23)
Wait-listed vs non-registered: Between group difference in mean change (95% CI) and standardised effect size (95% CI)
Boys (Crude)      
  Difference 0.14 (-0.14 to 0.42) 2.46 (-2.08 to 7.00) -0.07 (-0.19 to 0.05) -4.20 (-7.48 to -0.92)* -0.81 (-2.11 to 0.49)
  Effect size 0.13 (-0.12 to 0.37) 0.14 (-0.11 to 0.39) -0.15 (-0.39 to 0.10) -0.32 (-0.57 to -0.07)* -0.16 (-0.41 to 0.09)
Boys (Adjust # )
  Difference 0.18 (-0.12 to 0.48) 1.43 (-3.93 to 6.78) -0.12 (-0.26 to 0.03) -3.30 (-6.95 to 0.34) -0.33 (-1.66 to 0.99)
  Effect size 0.10 (-0.14 to 0.35) 0.05 (-0.20 to 0.30) -0.14 (-0.39 to 0.11) -0.16 (-0.41 to 0.09) -0.04 (-0.29 to 0.21)
  1. *Statistically significant between-group difference in mean change (p < 0.05).
  2. #Data adjusted for baseline, location of residence, school and history of abduction.