Skip to main content

Table 3 The relationship between individual- and neighborhood-level variables and physical activity

From: A cross-sectional study of the environment, physical activity, and screen time among young children and their parents

  Bivariate model Multivariate model
  β(95% CI) β(95% CI)
Child physical activity†   
Socio-demographic   
 Child age (months) 0.02 (0.02, 0.03)* 0.02 (0.02, 0.03)*
 Child sex -0.10 (-0.35, 0.15) -
 Child care status -0.71 (-1.05, -0.38)* -0.34 (-0.68, -0.00)*
 Family structure -0.16 (-0.48, 0.16) -
 Parental education 0.19 (0.07, 0.31)* 0.14 (0.02, 0.26)*
 Neighborhood SES (z-score) 0.21 (-0.07, 0.35)* 0.09 (-0.06, 0.23)
Functional   
 Walkability (z-score) -0.09 (-0.27, 0.09) -
Safety   
 Road speed (%) -0.34 (-0.90, 0.21) -
Aesthetic   
 Streetscape (z-score) 0.05 (-0.10, 0.21) -
Destination   
 Outdoor play/activity space (z-score) -0.08 (-0.25, 0.09) -
 Recreation facilities (N per km2) -0.01 (-0.07, 0.06) -
 Distance to closest park (km) 0.01 (-0.01, 0.02) -
 Yard space at home (100 m2) -0.01 (-0.01, 0.00) -
Parent physical activity†   
Socio-demographic   
 Child age (months) 0.03 (0.02, 0.03)* 0.00 (-0.01, 0.02)
 Child sex -0.34 (-0.82, 0.16) -
 Parent sex -1.35 (0.49, 2.25)* -1.35 (0.49, 2.21)*
 Child care status 0.33 (-0.43, 0.88) -
 Family structure 0.14 (-0.48, 0.76) -
 Parental education -0.17 (-0.40, 0.06) -
 Neighborhood SES (z-score) -0.11 (-0.34, 0.13) -
Functional   
 Walkability (z-score) 0.18 (-0.09, 0.45) -
Safety   
 Road speed (%) 0.05 (-0.78, 0.88) -
Aesthetic   
 Streetscape (z-score) -0.13 (-0.34, 0.09) -
Destination   
 Outdoor play/activity space (z-score) 0.03 (-0.22, 0.27) -
 Recreation facilities (N per km2) 0.06 (-0.05, 0.17) -
 Distance to closest park (km) -0.01 (-0.04, 0.03) -
 Yard space at home (100 m2) -0.00 (-0.02, 0.01) -
  1. β (95% CI) = unstandardized regression coefficients and 95% confidence intervals; †Square-root transformed.
  2. Child sex: 0 = male, 1 = female; parent sex: 0 = male, 1 = female; child care status: 0 = yes, 1 = no; family structure: 0 = two-parent family, 1 = one-parent family, ST = screen time; PA = physical activity; SES = socioeconomic status. Each variable in the multivariate models are adjusted for all other variables listed in that model; * P< 0.05.