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Table 2 Factors associated with utilization of iron supplementation during pregnancy, eight selected rural districts of Ethiopia, March 2012

From: Coverage, compliance and factors associated with utilization of iron supplementation during pregnancy in eight rural districts of Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables Crude OR Adjusted OR
Maternal age in years   
  15-19 0.84 (0.54-1.30) -
  20-34 1.07 (0.83-1.40) -
  35-49 1.00r -
Maternal education   
  Illiterate 1.26 (1.02-1.56)* 1.61 (1.22-2.13)*
  Literate 1.00r 1.00r
Paternal education   
  Illiterate 1.30 (1.06-1.61)* 1.13 (0.87-1.49)
  Literate 1.00r 1.00r
Household wealth index   
  Poorest 1.50 (1.11-2.04)* 1.80 (1.22-2.64)*
  Poorer 0.91 (0.66-1.25) 0.95 (0.64-1.41)
  Middle 0.86 (0.26-1.18) 1.15 (0.78-1.70)
  Richer 0.91 (0.66-1.24) 0.91 (0.62-1.34)
  Richest 1.00r 1.00r
Birth order   
  1 1.00 (0.75-1.33) -
  2-4 1.07 (0.86-1.34) -
  5 or more 1.00r -
Two-way distance from the nearest health facility   
  Less than 30 minutes 1.00r 1.00r
  30 minutes to one hour 0.91 (0.67-1.24) 1.22 (0.85-1.75)
  More than one hour 0.63 (0.49-0.82)* 0.86 (0.63-1.17)
Frequency of ANC visits during pregnancy   
  0 0.03 (0.02-0.05)* 0.04 (0.02-0.07)*
  1 0.37 (0.23-0.59)* 0.33 (0.19-0.58)*
  2 0.44 (0.29-0.65)* 0.50 (0.31-0.79)*
  3 0.63 (0.49-0.81)* 0.60 (0.44-0.80)*
  4 or more 1.00r 1.00r
Experience of serious pregnancy complication before   
  Yes 1.00r 1.00r
  No 0.77 (0.62-0.96)* 0.82 (0.63-1.07)
Comprehensive knowledge of anemia   
  Yes 1.00r 1.00r
  No 0.35 (0.28-0.43)* 0.75 (0.57-0.97)*
Information about importance iron supplementation during the pregnancy   
  Yes 1.00r 1.00r
  No 0.04 (0.03-0.05)* 0.05 (0.04-0.07)*
Pregnancy wanted   
  Yes 1.00r 1.00r
  No 0.74 (0.59-0.91)* 1.11 (0.85-1.44)
  1. *Significant association at 95% confidence level, rReference group.