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Table 4 Prevalence of anemia in migrant and local children of Pinghu China *

From: Disparity of anemia prevalence and associated factors among rural to urban migrant and the local children under two years old: a population based cross-sectional study in Pinghu, China

  Migrant(N = 667) Local(N = 321)
  Prevalence of anemia, %(n/N) cPR (95% CI) Prevalence of anemia, %(n/N) cPR (95% CI)
Age of child (months)     
  6~ 45.3 (135/298) 2.09(1.46, 2.99) 23.4 (26/111) 1.87(0.96, 3.65)
  12~ 36.6 (71/194) 1.69(1.14, 2.50) 19.8 (21/106) 1.58(0.79, 3.17)
  18 ~ 23 21.7 (38/175) 1.0 12.5 (13/104) 1.0
Gender of child     
  Boy 36.0 (135/375) 0.96(0.75, 1.24) 17.8 (31/174) 0.90(0.54, 1.50)
  Girl 37.3 (109/292) 1.0 19.7 (29/147) 1.0
Education of mother     
  Low 37.1 (65/175) 0.93(0.60, 1.45) 14.3 (2/14) 1.37(0.32, 5.77)
  Medium 35.8 (150/419) 0.90(0.61, 1.34) 19.5 (26/133) 1.29(0.31, 5.37)
  High 39.7 (29/73) 1.0 18.4 (32/174) 1.0
Occupation of mother     
  Not work for pay 40.6 (149/367) 1.28(0.99, 1.66) 27.8 (20/72) 1.73(1.01, 2.96)
  Employed 31.7 (95/300) 1.0 16.1 (40/249) 1.0
Annual family income     
  Poor 39.1 (156/399) 1.16(0.87, 1.55) 25.0 (19/76) 1.38(0.72, 2.66)
  Middle 33.7 (64/190) 0.91(0.57, 1.46) 15.9 (24/151) 0.88(0.47, 1.64)
  Rich 30.8 (24/78) 1.0 18.1 (17/94) 1.0
Caregivers     
  Parents only 37.1 (138/372) 1.03(0.80, 1.33) 13.8 (4/29) 0.72(0.26, 1.98)
  Parents & others 35.9 (106/295) 1.0 19.2 (56/292) 1.0
Elder sibling/s     
  Yes 41.1 (102/248) 1.21(0.94, 1.57) 36.0 (18/50) 2.32(1.34, 4.03)
  No 33.9 (142/419) 1.0 15.5 (42/271) 1.0
Timely child health care     
  Yes 22.9 (8/35) 0.61(0.30, 1.24) 18.9 (14/74) 1.02(0.56, 1.85)
  No 37.3 (236/632) 1.0 18.6 (46/247) 1.0
Breastfeeding at 6 months     
  Yes 40.0(209/523) 1.64(1.15, 2.35) 21.7(46/212) 1.69(0.93, 3.07)
  No 24.3(35/144) 1.0 12.8(14/109) 1.0
Iron     
  Yes 32.3(180/557) 0.56(0.42, 0.74) 18.9(59/312) 1.70(0.24, 12.28)
  No 58.2(64/110) 1.0 11.1(1/9) 1.0
MDD     
  Yes 33.9 (163/481) 0.78(0.60, 1.02) 18.7(53/283) 1.02(0.46, 2.24)
  No 43.5 (81/186) 1.0 18.4(7/38) 1.0
MMF     
  Yes 34.3(168/490) 0.80(0.61, 1.05) 16.1(45/279) 0.45(0.25, 0.81)
  No 42.9(76/177) 1.0 35.7(15/42) 1.0
  1. *Estimated by using Poisson regression, Crude Prevalence Ratios (cPR) and its 95% CI presented.