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Table 2 Attitudes (concerns, ease, and preference) regarding self-sampling, among women who provided a self-collected vaginal sample (number and percent)

From: Acceptability of self-collection sampling for HPV-DNA testing in low-resource settings: a mixed methods approach

  All sites (N = 3,464) Rural Uttar Pradesh (N = 937) Hyderabad (N = 912) Nicaragua (N = 704) Uganda (N = 911) Pvalue
Concerns about taking self vaginal sample*       
  Hurting oneself 1,804 (55.1) 374 (40.0) 793 (87.8) 355 (65.1) 282 (31.5) <0.001
  Not getting a good sample 822 (25.1) 154 (16.5) 79 (8.7) 165 (30.3) 424 (47.4) <0.001
  Dropping the brush/equipment to collect the sample 138 (4.2) 24 (2.6) 49 (5.4) 3 (0.6) 62 (6.9) <0.001
  Other 26 (0.8) 3 (0.3) 0 (0) 20 (3.7) 3 (0.3) <0.001
  No concern 561 (17.1) 383 (41.0) 0 (0) 22 (4.0) 156 (17.4) <0.001
Ease of taking self vaginal sample       
  Easy 2,597 (75.0) 672 (71.7) 489 (53.6) 619 (88.3) 817 (89.7) <0.001
  Neutral 704 (20.3) 260 (27.8) 300 (32.9) 53 (7.6) 91 (10.0)  
  Difficult 160 (4.6) 5 (0.5) 123 (13.5) 29 (4.1) 3 (0.3)  
  No response 3 (0.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (0.4) 0 (0)  
Preferred collector of vaginal sample       
  Self 2,683 (77.5) 872 (93.1) 871 (95.5) 352 (50.0) 588 (64.5) <0.001
  Provider 781 (22.5) 65 (6.9) 41 (4.5) 352 (50.0) 323 (35.5)  
  1. *Categories are not mutually exclusive; Women could select more than one response category.
  2. Percent’s are based on how many women answered the question; women that did not answer the question were excluded (All sites (N = 150); Rural Uttar Pradesh (N = 1); Hyderabad (N = 0); Nicaragua (N = 149) and Uganda (N = 0)), and women that checked more than one response were accounted for (All sites (N = 37); Rural Uttar Pradesh (N = 2); Hyderabad (N = 9); Nicaragua (N = 10) and Uganda (N = 16)), resulting in a sample size of: All sites (N = 3,277); Rural Uttar Pradesh (N = 934); Hyderabad (N = 903); Nicaragua (N = 545) and Uganda (N = 895)).
  3. P value comparing the distribution among study sites.