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Table 4 Descriptive statistics and regression analyses predicting secondary health behavior outcomes of the child, parenting practices and home environment characteristics at follow-up

From: Promotion of a healthy lifestyle among 5-year-old overweight children: health behavior outcomes of the 'Be active, eat right’ study

  n Intervention condition n Control condition Beta coefficient/Odds ratio (95% CI)1
Health behaviors
Walk to school (once or more a week) 159 52.8% 145 49.7% 1.12 (0.63; 1.98)
Bicycle to school (once or more a week) 158 65.8% 148 64.2% 1.15 (0.60; 2.21)
Average time spent performing sports (min/week, mean [sd]) 128 113.83 [60.67] 115 115.43 [64.21] 1.68 (-14.34; 17.69)
Computer games (min/day, mean [sd]) 144 29.61 [28.22] 144 30.62 [36.76] -2.98 (-11.99; 6.03)
Candy and snacks (pieces/day, mean [sd]) 151 1.06 [0.45] 140 1.09 [0.65] -0.03 (-0.16; 0.11)
Vegetables (spoons/day, mean [sd]) 157 1.61 [0.87] 144 1.72 [0.99] -0.13 (-0.36; 0.10)
Fruit (pieces/day, mean [sd]) 154 1.39 [0.88] 138 1.41 [0.91] -0.01 (-0.29; 0.27)
Water or tea without sugar (≥2 per day) 144 25.7% 127 22.0% 1.24 (0.63; 2.43)
Parenting practices
Family breakfast (days/week, mean [sd]) 158 5.46 [2.03] 145 5.25 [2.11] 0.52 (-0.15; 1.20)
Eating outside the home (days/week, mean [sd]) 156 0.26 [0.18] 142 0.29 [0.24] -0.04 (-0.09; 0.01)
Rules (number of rules, mean[sd])
Healthy behavior (range 0–8) 159 6.24 [1.84] 147 5.83 [1.89] 0.52 (0.05; 0.99)*
Unhealthy behavior (range 0–4) 158 3.35 [0.99] 143 2.96 [1.19] 0.43 (0.11; 0.75)**
Parenting practices
Monitoring (range 1–5, mean [sd])
  Healthy behavior 157 4.56 [0.41] 142 4.53 [0.43] 0.04 (-0.07; 0.14)
  Unhealthy behavior 156 4.23 [0.63] 145 4.19 [0.63] 0.06 (-0.11; 0.24)
Reinforcing/discouraging (range 1–5, mean [sd])
  Healthy behavior 153 2.89 [1.22] 135 2.89 [1.17] -0.07 (-0.42; 0.28)
  Unhealthy behavior 151 3.15 [0.87] 140 2.98 [0.79] 0.12 (-0.13; 0.37)
Parental TV viewing (min/day, mean [sd]) 155 133.75 [87.27] 146 125.53 [76.50] 11.93 (-9.30; 33.17)
Home environment
Healthy products available (range 1–5, mean [sd]) 159 4.79 [0.35] 145 4.82 [0.33] -0.02 (-0.11; 0.06)
Unhealthy products available (range 1–5, mean [sd]) 159 4.05 [0.80] 148 4.17 [0.81] -0.09 (-0.34; 0.16)
  1. 1Beta coefficient or odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for the intervention condition versus control condition (reference) at follow-up from regression model adjusted for cluster, corrected for time between measurements and age at baseline.
  2. Note: Bold printed numbers indicate statistically significant difference between groups; asterisks indicates significance level: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01.