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Table 2 Baseline and follow-up percentages of health behaviors and regression coefficients of the intervention condition compared with the control condition

From: Promotion of a healthy lifestyle among 5-year-old overweight children: health behavior outcomes of the 'Be active, eat right’ study

  n Intervention condition n Control condition Odds ratio (95% CI)1 Odds ratio (95% CI)2
Having daily breakfast       
Baseline 346 89.9% 287 88.2%*   
Follow-up 157 95.5% 148 94.6%* 1.04 (0.29; 3.75) 1.04 (0.28; 3.78)
Drinking ≤ 2 sweet beverages a day       
Baseline 343 32.1%*** 285 33.3%*   
Follow-up 154 55.2%*** 140 47.9%* 1.38 (0.84; 2.26) 1.38 (0.84; 2.27)
Outside play ≥ 1 hour a day       
Baseline 315 93.3%*** 264 94.3%**   
Follow-up 153 77.1%*** 140 77.1%** 1.11 (0.60; 2.06) 1.09 (0.53; 2.26)
Watching television ≤ 2 hours a day       
Baseline 318 74.8%* 270 75.2%*   
Follow-up 156 66.0%* 142 69.0%* 0.93 (0.54; 1.61) 0.93 (0.53; 1.61)
  1. 1Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) from regression model evaluating the difference between intervention and control condition on the outcome at follow-up, corrected for baseline distribution of the outcome, time between measurements and age of the child at baseline.
  2. 2Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) from multilevel regression model evaluating the difference between intervention and control condition on the outcome at follow-up, corrected for baseline distribution of the outcome, time between measurements and age of the child at baseline.
  3. Note: Bold printed numbers indicate statistically significant within-group change of behavior; within condition change of behavior from baseline to follow-up was evaluated using cluster-adjusted McNemar analysis, asterisks indicates significance level: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.