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Table 3 Characteristics of the determinants and their association with intention to participate and actual participation during follow-up

From: Barriers and facilitators for participation in health promotion programs among employees: a six-month follow-up study

  Positive on statement Positive intention (n = 195) Actual participation during follow-up (n = 83)
  n (%) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Intention to participate in a WHPP 195 (26.2) n/a 3.02 (1.88-4.83)*
Participated during the 12 month period prior to enrollment 95 (12.8) 5.92 (3.70-9.49)* 5.82 (3.40-9.96)*
Social-cognitive factors    
Attitude    
  Important to participate 215 (28.9) 43.00 (26.83-68.91)* 2.81 (1.76-4.49)*
  Pleasant to participate 620 (83.3) 8.64 (3.73-20.06)* 1.99 (0.93-4.27)
Social support    
  Colleagues and or supervisor stimulate participation 68 (9.1) 2.83 (1.70-4.73)* 1.77 (0.90-3.49)
  Family and or friends stimulate participation 79 (10.6) 6.84 (4.13-11.31)* 1.64 (0.86-3.15)
Self-efficacy    
  High self-efficacy 467 (62.8) 4.43 (2.89-6.79)* 1.60 (0.96-2.66)
Barriers    
Privacy related    
  Holding work and private preferably separate 371 (49.9) 0.44 (0.31-0.62)* 0.91 (0.57-1.46)
  Want to organize it self 434 (58.3) 0.25 (0.18-0.36)* 0.92 (0.58-1.48)
Health related    
  I’m healthy 531 (71.4) 0.74 (0.52-1.06) 1.25 (0.74-2.11)
  Currently under treatment 140 (18.8) 1.32 (0.88-1.99) 1.50 (0.88-2.58)
Work related    
  Unfavorable work schedule 90 (12.1) 1.48 (0.91-2.41) 0.64 (0.28-1.45)
  Not knowing who to go to 77 (10.3) 1.67 (1.01-2.76)* 0.65 (0.27-1.56)
Facilitators    
Health related    
  Wanting to improve my health 498 (66.9) 7.15 (4.26-12.00)* 1.44 (0.86-2.42)
  Thinking a WHPP is useful 419 (56.3) 13.50 (7.98-22.83)* 1.45 (0.90-2.35)
Work related    
  Pleasant to engage in activities with colleagues 150 (20.2) 3.78 (2.58-5.55)* 1.07 (0.61-1.89)
  Supervisor or colleagues expect me to participate 28 (3.8) 3.00 (1.40-6.46)* 2.87 (1.17-7.02)*
Beliefs about health at work    
  Good thing that the supervisor tries to improve employees health 599 (80.5) 4.44 (2.43-8.10)* 0.93 (0.52-1.65)
  Interference of my supervisor on my health is an invasion of my privacy 139 (18.7) 0.45 (0.27-0.74)* 1.22 (0.69-2.17)
  My health is a personal matter 485 (65.2) 0.69 (0.49-0.98)* 0.81 (0.50-1.30)
  1. Positive intention: employees with a positive intention towards participating in a WHPP. Participation during follow-up: employees who participated in a HPP during the six-month follow-up period. Determinants are categorized into social-cognitive factors, barriers, facilitators, and beliefs about health at work.
  2. Analyses adjusted for age, gender, educational level, and organization.
  3. *statistically significant at p < 0.05.
  4. n/a: not applicable.