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Table 4 Results from the logistic regression analyses: HAIs (overall and according to site) and associated risk factor assessment

From: Surveillance of healthcare-associated infections in Piemonte, Italy: results from a second regional prevalence study

  All HAIs symptomatic UTIs BSIs RTIs
  OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p
Age (>65) 1.35 (1.09-1.67) 0.006 2.35 (1.48-3.73) <0.001 0.70 (0.39-1.24) 0.226 1.64 (1.06-2.54) 0.026
Female 0.99 (0.82-1.21) 0.938 1.76 (1.23-2.52) 0.002 0.94 (0.54-1.67) 0.851 0.55 (0.37-0.83) 0.004
Hospital size (>300 beds) 1.34 (1.09-1.63) 0.004 1.23 (0.86-1.75) 0.252 2.13 (1.18-3.85) 0.012 1.52 (1.03-2.26) 0.037
Patient provenience^ 1.92 (1.54-2.39) <0.001 1.42 (0.95-2.13) 0.088 1.59 (0.84-3.02) 0.157 3.01 (2.01-4.51) <0.001
Urinary catheter 2.44 (1.99-3.00) <0.001 5.28 (3.53-7.90) <0.001 1.26 (0.67-2.33) 0.471 1.76 (1.15-2.69) 0.009
CVC 2.29 (1.79-2.92) <0.001 1.34 (0.87-2.15) 0.176 4.92 (2.54-9.55) <0.001 2.40 (1.49-3.85) <0.001
Mechanical ventilation 1.17 (0.76-1.78) 0.474 0.73 (0.28-1.87) 0.509 1.68 (0.66-4.32) 0.278 2.17 (1.16-4.04) 0.015
Parenteral nutrition 1.28 (0.95-1.72) 0.102 0.93 (0.52-1.65) 0.797 1.05 (0.49-2.25) 0.902 1.60 (0.95-2.67) 0.080
  1. ^From the same hospital (ICU or other wards) or LTF vs. “home”.
  2. Results in bold indicate statistically significant associations (p<0.05).