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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of study participants

From: Spatial analysis of factors associated with HIV infection among young people in Uganda, 2011

Variable n(%) median(IQR)* Proportion of HIV+ P-valuea
Age 19(19.11-19.30)*   0.35
Gender    
 Male 224(42) 3% Ref
 Female 309(58) 4% 0.75
Place of residence    
 Urban 147(28) 2% Ref
 Rural 386(72) 5% 0.37
Education level    
 None 82(15) 1% Ref
 Primary 314(59) 4% 0.21
 Secondary 114(21) 2% 0.09
 Tertiary 22(6) 0.2% <0.01
Religion    
 None 3(2) <0.01% Ref
 Catholic 218(41) 3% 0.35
 Muslim 60(11) 1% 0.21
 Protestant 247(46) 3% 0.33
Marital status    
 Never Married 31(6) 0.4% Ref
 Married 319(60) 4% 0.01
 Widowed 115(22) 2% <0.01
 Divorced/separated 67(12) 0.9% <0.01
Socio-economic status    
 High 8(2) <0.01% Ref
 Middle 209(41) 3% 0.25
 Low 288(57) 4% 0.43
Media exposure    
 None 67(15) 0.9% Ref
 Irregular 328(74) 5% 0.98
 Regular 50(11) 0.7% 0.81
Circumcision    
 No 40(22) 1% Ref
 Yes 145(78) 4% 0.05
Age at sex debut 16(16.06-16.38)*   0.17
Age at sex debut    
 None 2(0) <0.01% Ref
 8-10 1(0) <0.01% 0.54
 11-14 80(16) 0.1% <0.00
 15-19 362(71) 5% <0.00
 20-24 68(13) 1% <0.00
Multiple sexual partnerships    
 No 152(29) 2% Ref
 Yes 375(71) 5% <0.01
Transactional sex    
 No 169(10) 4% Ref
 Yes 151(90) 0.5% 0.02
Condom use    
 No 71(19) 1% Ref
 Yes 309(81) 5% <0.01
Presence of STI and symptoms    
 No 232(46) 3% Ref
 Yes 268(54) 4% <0.01
Alcohol use    
 No 122(32) 2% Ref
 Yes 258(68) 4% 0.01
  1. *Median (interquartile range).
  2. aP-value for bivariate associations between outcome and risk factors (chi-square/two-sample t-test).