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Table 4 Change in parental perceptions and obesity-related behaviours following weight feedback, among parents of overweight and obese children, (by socio-demographic characteristics and the type of feedback received)

From: The benefits and harms of providing parents with weight feedback as part of the national child measurement programme: a prospective cohort study

Characteristic Parental recognition of overweight Parental recognition of the health risks associated with child’s overweight Child achieves a healthy diet Child performs adequate physical activity
  Difference in proportion % (95% CI)* P value Difference in proportion % (95% CI)* P value Difference in proportion % (95% CI)* P value Difference in proportion (95% CI)* P value
Ethnicity         
White 12.6 (5.6 to 19.6) 0.24 −3.3 (−8.7 to 2.1) <0.01 −2.9 (−10.9 to 5.1) 0.98 7.3 (0.3 to 14.4) 0.37
Non-white 19.3 (10.1 to 28.6) 17.9 (8.8 to 27.1) −2.7 (−12.0 to 6.6) 2.5 (−5.7 to 10.6)
Sex         0.27
Girls 14.8 (6.4 to 23.3) 0.75 5.8 (−2.3 to 14.1) 0.88 −3.9 (−12.2 to 4.4) 0.71 2.2 (−3.7 to 8.1)
Boys 16.7 (9.2 to 24.2) 6.7 (0.4 to 13.0) −1.6 (−10.5 to 7.3) 8.1 (−.07 to 16.7)
School year         0.76
Reception (4–5 yrs) 16.9 (9.3 to 24.5) 0.69 8.1 (1.2 to 15.1) 0.48 −10.5 (−18.9 to −2.1) 0.01 5.9 (−1.5 to 13.4)
Year 6 (10–11 yrs) 14.6 (6.3 to 22.9) 4.4 (−3.3 to 12.1) 4.6 (−4.0 to 13.2) 4.3 (−3.2 to 11.8)
Deprivation quintile         
1 (most deprived) 13.3 (0.3 to 26.3) 0.54 3.8 (−5.2 to 12.7) 0.41 6.8 (−4.4 to 18.1) 0.82 6.3 (−3.3 to 15.8) 0.58
2 14.8 (4.3 to 25.4) 5.6 (−3.0 to 14.1) −5.9 (−16.1 to 4.3) 10.9 (0.03 to 21.7)
3 26.4 (13.0 to 29.8) 13.0 (−0.07 to 26.0) −3.8 (−17.3 to 9.6) −1.8 (−11.5 to 7.9)
4 13.6 (0.4 to 27.7)   11.4 (−0.4 to 23.1)   −4.8 (−22.9 to 13.4)   6.8 (−6.9 to 20.6)
5 11.1 (5.6 to 27.8)   −3.9 (−17.7 to 10.1)   −4.0 (−22.8 to 14.8)   11.1 (−8.9 to 31.1)
Feedback type ¥         0.69
Letter 10.0 (−7.4 to 27.4) 0.03 −7.9 (−27.2 to 11.4) 0.07 −8.8 (−24.6 to 6.9) 0.17 15.0 (−2.1 to 32.1)
Proactive 32.3 (20.2 to 44.2) 12.9 (−0.5 to 26.3) 5.2 (−7.3 to 17.7)   11.1 (−0.07 to 22.2)
  1. *Difference between baseline and follow-up (proportion at follow-up minus proportion at baseline); P-value from Chi-squared test for differences; ‡Quintiles based on index of multiple deprivation (IMD); ¥Analyses restricted to obese children (N = 105).