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Table 5 Medical care sought from trained providers in rural and urban sites: percentage and odds ratio by type of morbidity and socioeconomic and demographic variables

From: Consequences of hypertension and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, healthcare-seeking behaviors of patients, and responses of the health system: a population-based cross-sectional study in Bangladesh

Type of illness and demographic and socioeconomic variables Dhaka (urban) Matlab (rural)
Medical care OR1(95% CI) Medical care OR1(95% CI)
Type of patients/illness     
 COPD 23.9 0.89 (0.54-1.47) 8.2 0.59 (0.30-1.15)
 Hypertension (reference) 32.9 1.00 17.1 1.00
 Comorbidity 20.8 0.60 (0.27-1.31) 9.5 0.60 (0.24-1.53)
Age (years) of patients     
 35-49 27.0 0.97 (0.54-1.73) 5.9 0.53 (0.15-1.84)
 50-59 32.4 1.46 (0.89-2.38) 14.2 1.33 (0.70-2.54)
 60+ (reference) 26.0 1.00 10.7 1.00
Sex of patients     
 Male (reference) 20.1 1.00 9.7 1.00
 Female 40.2 2.30** (1.45-3.66) 13.0 1.20 (0.63-2.29)
Education (class passed)     
 None (reference) 28.5 1.00 9.1 1.00
 Primary (class I-V) 26.4 1.30 (0.72-2.35) 10.5 1.21 (0.59-2.47)
 Secondary + (class VI+) 29.1 0.70 (0.39-1.25) 14.5 1.12 (0.53-2.33)
Household asset quintile     
 Lowest (reference) 11.3 1.00 4.0 1.00
 Second 20.8 1.83 (0.81-4.16) 4.0 0.93 (0.22-3.92)
 Middle 22.1 2.44* (1.01-5.92) 14.7 3.75* (1.14-12.31)
 Fourth 38.1 5.91** (2.69-12.96) 13.0 3.46* (1.07-11.20)
 Highest 43.8 7.50** (3.26-17.23) 19.5 5.17** (1.54-17.33)
No. of patients (N) 483   506  
  1. 1The dependent variable was coded as 1 if treatment was sought from a trained provider, and coded 0 otherwise; *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01.