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Table 3 Associations between social relationships and having visited a dentist within the past two years

From: Social relationships and health related behaviors among older US adults

  Prevalence ratio (95% Confidence interval)
Model A Model B Model C
Social networks/support    
Marital status    
Married/cohabiting 1.00 1.00 1.00
Widowed 0.78 (0.71, 0.87)*** 0.79 (0.71, 0.87)*** 0.92 (0.86, 0.99)*
Divorced/separated 0.90 (0.82, 0.98)* 0.90 (0.82, 0.98)* 1.02 (0.94, 1.10)
Single 0.83 (0.68, 1.00) 0.83 (0.69, 1.00) 0.92 (0.77, 1.09)
Number of close friends    
0-4 1.00 1.00 1.00
5-8 1.20 (1.12, 1.29)*** 1.20 (1.12, 1.29)*** 1.05 (0.99, 1.12)
9 or more 1.20 (1.11, 1.29)*** 1.19 (1.11, 1.28)*** 1.05 (0.99, 1.12)
Emotional support    
Lack of emotional support   1.00 1.00
Sufficient emotional support   1.02 (0.93, 1.11) 1.03 (0.96, 1.11)
Covariates    
Age (years) 1.00 (0.99, 1.00) 1.00 (0.99, 1.00) 1.00 (1.00, 1.00)
Gender    
Male 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 1.06 (1.01, 1.12)* 1.06 (1.01, 1.12)* 1.06 (1.01, 1.10)*
Poverty-income ratio (cont.)    1.09 (1.07, 1.11)***
Education    
Less than high school    1.00
High school diploma    1.32 (1.20, 1.44)***
More than high school    1.53 (1.38, 1.69)***
Ethnicity (%)    
White Americans    1.00
African Americans    0.99 (0.94, 1.05)
Mexican Americans    1.01 (0.95, 1.07)
Other Hispanic Americans    1.03 (0.89, 1.18)
Other    0.89 (0.72, 1.11)
  1. ***p < 0.001 *p < 0.05.