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Table 2 Associations between social relationships and engagement in at least moderate physical activity in the past 30 days

From: Social relationships and health related behaviors among older US adults

  Prevalence ratio (95% Confidence interval)
Model A Model B Model C
Social networks/support    
Marital status    
Married/cohabiting 1.00 1.00 1.00
Widowed 0.88 (0.78, 0.99)* 0.89 (0.79, 1.00) 0.98 (0.88, 1.10)
Divorced/separated 0.86 (0.74, 1.01) 0.88 (0.76, 1.03) 0.98 (0.86, 1.13)
Single 0.78 (0.56, 1.09) 0.79 (0.57, 1.10) 0.84 (0.60, 1.17)
Number of close friends    
0-4 1.00 1.00 1.00
5-8 1.31 (1.19, 1.46)*** 1.29 (1.16, 1.43)*** 1.17 (1.06, 1.28)**
9 or more 1.28 (1.16, 1.42)*** 1.25 (1.12, 1.39)*** 1.14 (1.03, 1.27)*
Emotional support    
Lack of emotional support   1.00 1.00
Sufficient emotional support   1.16 (1.05, 1.29)** 1.13 (1.02, 1.26)*
Covariates    
Age (years) 0.99 (0.98, 0.99)*** 0.99 (0.98, 0.99)*** 0.99 (0.99, 1.00)***
Gender    
Male 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 0.85 (0.79, 0.92)*** 0.85 (0.79, 0.91)*** 0.88 (0.83, 0.95)**
Poverty-income ratio (cont.)    1.08 (1.04, 1.12)***
Education    
Less than high school    1.00
High school diploma    1.33 (1.13, 1.56)**
More than high school    1.51 (1.30, 1.75)***
Ethnicity (%)    
White Americans    1.00
African Americans    0.87 (0.77, 0.97)*
Mexican Americans    0.93 (0.81, 1.06)
Other Hispanic Americans    0.93 (0.72, 1.21)
Other    1.05 (0.87, 1.27)
  1. ***p < 0.001 **p < 0.01 *p < 0.05.