Skip to main content

Table 5 The highest odds ratio of chronic conditions of multimorbidity vs. non-multimorbidity, by sex and age group

From: Burden of multimorbidity, socioeconomic status and use of health services across stages of life in urban areas: a cross-sectional study

Age groups (years) Women   Men
ICPC 2 Chronic conditions Prevalence OR 95% CI ICPC 2 Chronic conditions Prevalence OR 95% CI
   MM Non-MM      MM Non-MM   
19-24 L85 Acquired deformity of spine 15.1% 2.3% 7.7 (7.0-8.4) L85 Acquired deformity of spine 14.3% 1.5% 11.2 (10.0-12.4)
T82 Obesity 16.0% 2.4% 7.4 (6.8-8.1) T82 Obesity 15.2% 1.8% 9.7 (8.8-10.8)
P74 Anxiety disorder/anxiety state 27.7% 4.0% 6.9 (6.5-7.4) P74 Anxiety disorder/anxiety state 16.5% 1.9% 7.7 (7.0-8.5)
S96 Acne 23.0% 4.4% 6.2 (5.8-6.7) R96 Asthma 23.4% 3.6% 7.4 (6.9-8.0)
R96 Asthma 17.0% 2.8% 6.2 (5.7-6.8) S96 Acne 28.7% 4.9% 7.3 (6.8-7.9)
25-44 T82 Obesity 18.0% 2.2% 8.9 (8.6-9.2) T82 Obesity 16.3% 1.5% 12.5 (12.0-13.1)
T93 Lipid disorder 13.3% 1.6% 8.4 (8.1-8.8) T93 Lipid disorder 26.5% 2.8% 10.7 (10.4-11.1)
P76 Depressive disorder 22.5% 3.0% 7.9 (7.6-8.1) P76 Depressive disorder 13.2% 1.3% 9.1 (8.7-9.5)
N89 Migraine 12.2% 1.8% 6.6 (6.3-6.9) P74 Anxiety disorder/anxiety state 21.8% 2.9% 7.0 (6.8-7.2)
P74 Anxiety disorder/anxiety state 29.8% 5.0% 6.3 (6.1-6.5) L86 Back syndrome with radiating pain 10.8% 1.7% 5.6 (5.3-5.8)
45-64 T82 Obesity 23.2% 2.2% 11.0 (10.5-11.7) T82 Obesity 18.4% 1.5% 13.7 (12.9-14.6)
K86 Hypertension, uncomplicated 31.6% 3.3% 8.8 (8.4-9.2) K86 Hypertension uncomplicated 41.5% 4.7% 9.6 (9.3-10.0)
T93 Lipid disorder 42.2% 6.0% 8.5 (8.2-8.8) T90 Diabetes non-insulin dependent 18.2% 1.2% 9.5 (8.9-10.1)
P76 Depressive disorder 27.5% 4.2% 6.3 (6.1-6.6) T93 Lipid disorder 49.8% 7.7% 9.4 (9.2-9.7)
P74 Anxiety disorder/anxiety state 19.5% 3.5% 5.2 (4.9-5.4) L86 Back syndrome with radiating pain 12.1% 2.1% 5.1 (4.8-5.4)
65-79 T82 Obesity 27.3% 1.6% 17.6 (14.9-20.8) T82 Obesity 17.0% 0.9% 17.0 (13.8-20.8)
P76 Depressive disorder 24.6% 2.2% 9.7 (8.4-11.2) T93 Lipid disorder 51.4% 7.3% 10.3 (9.5-11.2)
T93 Lipid disorder 58.2% 9.7% 9.3 (8.6-10.0) T90 Diabetes non-insulin dependent 29.4% 2.6% 8.5 (7.5-9.6)
K86 Hypertension, uncomplicated 65.8% 11.3% 9.0 (8.4-9.7) K86 Hypertension uncomplicated 63.1% 11.6% 8.5 (7.9-9.0)
L95 Osteoporosis 25.7% 3.9% 6.3 (5.7-7.1) Y85 Benign prostatic hypertrophy 32.3% 5.0% 6.3 (5.8-7.0)
80+ L91 Osteoarthrosis, other 28.1% 1.5% 19.6 (14.7-26.1) T93 Lipid disorder 39.3% 2.4% 20.7 (15.3-28.1)
T93 Lipid disorder 49.3% 3.8% 18.9 (15.7-22.8) K86 Hypertension uncomplicated 68.6% 9.5% 15.5 (13.1-18.3)
K86 Hypertension, uncomplicated 78.7% 14.6% 15.0 (13.5-16.7) T90 Diabetes non-insulin dependent 28.1% 2.2% 12.0 (8.7-16.5)
F92 Cataract 26.1% 1.7% 14.7 (11.2-19.3) F92 Cataract 24.0% 2.0% 11.9 (8.5-16.7)
T90 Diabetes, non-insulin dependent 25.0% 2.1% 10.3 (8.0-13.1) Y85 Benign prostatic hypertrophy 41.0% 5.9% 8.7 (7.1-10.6)
  1. Abbreviations: ICPC 2 International Classification of Primary Care, MM multimorbidity, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval.
  2. All ORs were calculated by multilevel logistic regression and adjusted by visits and deprivation quintiles. PHCT was considered random variable. All ORs were statistically significant with a p-value <0.001.