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Table 4 The association between food environment and dietary intake in studies using self-reported measures to capture food environment exposure

From: The community and consumer food environment and children’s diet: a systematic review

Author (Year) Sample size (n) Specific exposure reported FF outcome Results
Ding et al. [21] 458 Self-report proximity of NBH food outlets (healthful food outlets vs. less healthful food outlets) Daily FV intake FV intake was not significantly associated with community food environment.
Veugelers et al. [42] 5200 Access to food stores from home (self –reported) Diet quality index, daily servings of FV, energy from fat Relative to NBHs with poorest access to shops, children with best access to shops consumed more FV (IR = 1.08, 95% CI 1.01-1.15), less dietary fat (IR = 0.51, 95% CI 0.33-0.78) and had a higher Diet Quality Index (DQI) (IR = 2.26, 95% CI 1.09-4.69).
Ho et al. [26] 24,796 Self-reported presence of food outlets (FF, convenience stores and Western and Hong Kong style restaurants) near home within 5 minute walking Consumption of 4 food groups: FF, junk food/soft drink, fruit, and vegetables - Perceived availability of FF outlets and convenience stores positively associated with moderate/high consumptions of FF (ORff: 1.10; ORcon = 1.15) and junk food/soft drinks (ORff = 1.10; ORcon = 1.10).
- Significant negative association between the perceived availability of restaurants with intakes of FV (ORveg = 0.87 and ORfruit = 0.83). - Positive relationship between reporting FF outlets with intake of junk food/soft drinks observed only in boys.
Wang & Shi [43] 2004: 373 2006: 303 Self-reported NBH density of food outlets within 5 km Macronutrient and caloric intake Density of wet markets positively associated with all four different measurements of nutrition intake.