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Table 2 Studies cross-classified by method of food environment exposure measurement and type of diet outcome

From: The community and consumer food environment and children’s diet: a systematic review

FE exposure diet outcome GIS Pricing Self-report outlets Food outlet audit Fruit and vegetable availability in food outlets
Healthy outlets Unhealthy outlets Various outlets
Fruit and vegetable intake Mushi-Brunt et al. [34]   Jago et al. [27] Timperio et al. [40] Powell et al. [36] Ding et al. [21] Veugelers et al. [42]   Edmonds et al. [22]
Various food group intake   Davis & Carpenter [20] An et al. [18] Laska et al. [31] Skidmore et al. [37] Jennings et al. [28] Sturm & Datar [39] Ho et al. [26]   
Snack/junk food, candy intake   Buck et al. [19]      
Sugar-sweetened beverage intake    Pabayo et al. [35]     
Fast food intake   Fraser et al. [23] Timperio et al. [41]   Khan et al. [29]   Longacre et al. [33]  
Diet quality   He et al. [24] Lamichhane et al. [30]   Veugelers et al. [42]   
Energy and/or macronutrient intake      Veugelers et al. [42] Wang & Shi [43] Leung et al. [32]  
Healthy vs unhealthy diet scores    Smith et al. [38]     
Food purchasing behavior   He et al. [25]