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Table 4 Outcomes inside and outside Winnipeg

From: Adolescent outcomes and opportunities in a Canadian province: looking at siblings and neighbors

  Winnipeg Outside Winnipeg
Variables N = 11,728 N = 17,944
Continuous outcomes (mean)   
Language arts index 0.176 (0.159–0.194) -0.189 (-0.204–-0.174)
Health status (ADG morbidity score) 10.24 (10.12–10.35) 8.38 (8.29- 8.47)
Hospital and physician costs $1,160 ($1,061–$1,260) $1,121 ($1,051–$1,191)
Binary outcomes (proportion)   
Not in grade 12 at appropriate age .206 (.199–.213) .372 (.365–.379)
Teenage pregnancy .129 (.120–.138) .139 (.131–.146)
Received income assistance (age 18–19) .063 (.059–.067) .047 (.044–.050)
  1. The N refers to the number of individuals (twice the number of same-sex pairs matched with their neighbors) in the study sample. The N for “Teenage Pregnancy” was 5,508 and 8,504 females for Winnipeg and Outside Winnipeg respectively.
  2. Confidence intervals (95%) are in parentheses.