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Table 1 Distribution of social and demographic characteristics in the analytical sample, English Longitudinal Study of Ageing 2002-2008

From: The role of childhood social position in adult type 2 diabetes: evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

  Total Males Females
N (%) Diabetes% N Diabetes% N Diabetes%
7,015 12.6 2,994 (42.7%) 14.8 4,021 (57.3%) 11.0
Age <60 1,603 (22.9) 7.7 616 10.7 987 5.9
61-70 2,526 (36.0) 12.3 1,153 14.2 1,373 10.7
71+ 2,886 (41.1) 15.6 1,225 17.4 1,661 14.3
Childhood social position Non-manual father’s occupation 2,223 (31.7) 9.9 905 13.2 1,318 7.6
Manual father’s occupation 4,350 (62.1) 13.9 1,914 15.8 2,436 12.5
Not available 442 (6.3)   175   267  
Current social position Professional 409 (5.8) 8.1 315 8.9 94 5.3
Managerial technical 2,126 (30.3) 10.4 1,040 12.8 1,086 8.0
Skilled 2,935 (41.8) 13.0 1,145 16.8 1,790 10.6
Semi-skilled manual 999 (14.2) 14.9 341 17.6 658 13.5
Unskilled 427 (6.1) 18.7 128 21.1 299 17.7
Not available 119 (1.7)   25   94  
High waist circumference (cm) >102 cm (M) 3,371 (48.1) 17.1 1.305 19.3 2,066 15.7
>88 cm (F)
<102 cm (M) 2,422 (34.6) 6.7 1,217 9.5 1,205 3.9
<88 cm (F)
Not available 1,222 (17.4)   472   750  
Physical activity Yes 1,699 (24.2) 6.8 820 7.9 879 5.7
No 5,313 (75.7) 14.5 2,173 17.4 3,140 12.5
Not available 3 (0.04)   1   2  
Smoking Yes 4,336 (61.8) 13.8 2,123 16.1 2,204 11.4
No 2,671 (38.1) 10.8 859 11.5 1,812 10.5
Not available 8 (0.1)   3   5  
C-reactive protein Yes 165 (2.4) 18.2 63 22.2 102 15.7
(>15 mg/l)
No 4,136 (59) 11.8 1,795 13.4 2,341 10.6
Not available 2,714 (38.7)   1,136   1.578  
Fibrinogen Yes (>3.00 g/l) 3,040 (43.3) 12.9 1,224 15.0 1,816 11.4
No 1,143 (16.3) 9.8 582 10.0 561 9.6
Not available 2,832 (40.4)   1,188   1,644