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Table 3 Predictors of cigarette smoking among young adult bar patrons

From: Association between tobacco and alcohol use among young adult bar patrons: a cross-sectional study in three cities

  Occasional smokera Regular smokerb
  AOR [95% CI] AOR [95% CI]
Age 0.94 [0.90, 0.99]* 0.94 [0.90, 0.99]*
Gender   
  Male 1.00 1.00
  Female 0.93 [0.78, 1.11] 0.98 [0.81, 1.19]
Education   
  College graduates 1.00 1.00
  College students 1.16 [0.94, 1.43] 1.28 [1.02, 1.61]*
  Dropped out college 1.51 [1.11, 2.06]* 2.86 [2.11, 3.88]***
  High School 1.29 [0.92, 1.80] 2.80 [2.04, 3.86]***
Race/ethnicity   
  White 1.00 1.00
  Black 1.00 [0.67, 1.50] 0.93 [0.61, 1.42]
  Asian/Pacific Islander 1.31 [0.92, 1.88] 1.15 [0.77, 1.72]
  Hispanic 1.58 [1.19, 2.09]** 0.84 [0.60, 1.17]
  Others 1.46 [1.09, 1.94]* 1.40 [1.05, 1.89]*
Location   
  Tulsa, OK 1.00 1.00
  San Diego, CA 1.07 [0.85, 1.35] 0.72 [0.58, 0.91]**
  Portland, ME 1.07 [0.86, 1.34] 0.41 [0.32, 0.53]***
Drinking statusc   
  Non-drinker 1.00 1.00
  Occasional drinker 3.73 [1.97, 7.10]*** 1.36 [0.76, 2.41]
  Frequent drinker 2.99 [1.55, 5.74]** 3.64 [2.05, 6.47]***
Binge drinkingd   
  No binge drinking 1.00 1.00
  Occasional binge drinking 2.15 [1.68, 2.75]*** 1.66 [1.25, 2.21]***
  Frequent binge drinking 3.15 [2.33, 4.26]*** 4.08 [2.99, 5.56]***
  1. Note.
  2. AOR = adjusted odds ratio; CI = confidence interval.
  3. aRespondents who smoked cigarettes on 1–19 days in the past 30 days.
  4. bRespondents who smoked cigarettes on ≥ 20 days in the past 30 days.
  5. cOccasional drinkers drank alcohol on 1–9 of the past 30 days; frequent drinkers drank alcohol on ≥ 10 days in the past 30 days.
  6. dOccasional binge drinkers reported binge drinking on 1–9 of the past 30 days; frequent binge drinkers reported binge drinking on ≥ 10 days in the past 30 days.
  7. * P < .05; ** P < .01; *** P < .001.