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Table 2 Differences in baseline age, body composition and body fat distribution characteristics between the physical activity groups

From: Meeting physical activity guidelines is associated with reduced risk for cardiovascular disease in black South African women; a 5.5-year follow-up study

  n Active n Inactive p values
Age (years) 141 26 ± 7 90 28 ± 8 0.019
Body composition      Age- adjusted p values
Height (m) 141 1.60 ± 0.1 90 1.60 ± 0.1 0.463
Weight (kg) 141 71.7 ± 19.1 90 83.9 ± 20.6 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 141 28.0 ± 7.5 90 32.7 ± 8.0 <0.001
Fat-free soft tissue mass (kg) 126 40.9 ± 5.9 74 43.1 ± 6.6 0.025
Fat-free soft tissue mass (%) 126 61.0 ± 7.9 74 56.3 ± 6.9 <0.001
Fat mass (kg) 126 26.0 ± 12.5 74 33.2 ± 12.6 <0.001
Body fat (%) 126 35.8 ± 8.5 74 40.8 ± 7.3 <0.001
Body fat distribution      
Waist circumference (cm) 141 86.2 ± 17.0 90 95.3 ± 18.2 0.001
Hip circumference (cm) 141 109.0 ± 15.4 90 117.4 ± 14.8 <0.001
Waist:Hip 141 0.79 ± 0.1 90 0.80 ± 0.1 0.296
CFM (kg) 124 11.5 ± 6.4 74 14.9 ± 6.5 0.001
CFM (% FM) 124 42.0 ± 7.8 74 43.9 ± 4.6 0.091
AFM (kg) 124 14.5 ± 6.3 74 18.3 ± 6.4 <0.001
AFM (% FM) 124 56.4 ± 8.8 74 55.9 ± 4.6 0.855
VAT (cm2) 84 50.0 ± 39.4 53 65.8 ± 36.5 0.088
SAT (cm2) 84 331.6 ± 204.5 53 429.8 ± 188.5 0.044
VAT/SAT 84 0.15 ± 0.1 53 0.16 ± 0.1 0.700
  1. Values are unadjusted mean ± standard deviation or percentage (n). BMI, body mass index; FM, fat mass; CFM, central fat mass; AFM, appendicular fat mass; VAT, visceral adipose tissue; SAT, subcutaneous adipose tissue.