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Table 2 School-level correlates of active school transport, as reported by school administrators

From: A cross-sectional examination of socio-demographic and school-level correlates of children’s school travel mode in Ottawa, Canada

Variable Categories Frequency Percentage OR 95% CI p
Physical activity policies* Existing policies 501 88.4 1.99 0.38-10.46 .415
Practices 66 11.6 Reference
Healthy eating policies* Existing policies 499 88.0 0.51 0.10-2.58 .413
Practices 68 12.0 Reference
Identify safe routes to school Yes 289 51.0 3.63 1.39-9.44 .008
No 278 49.0 Reference
Provides crossing guards Yes 284 50.1 5.75 2.52-13.10 <.001
No 283 49.9 Reference
Designate car free zone Yes 238 42.0 1.52 0.52-4.49 .448
No 329 58.0 Reference
Allow students to bring bicycles* Yes 534 94.2 3.29 0.48-22.42 .224
No 33 5.8 Reference
Allow students to bring small wheel vehicles Yes 351 61.9 2.72 0.94-7.84 .064
No 216 38.1 Reference
Encourage use of helmets and safety gear* Yes 544 95.9 1.17 0.14-9.53 .887
No 23 4.1 Reference
Organize events (i.e. walk to school days) Yes 131 23.1 1.25 0.38-4.13 .718
No/don’t know 436 76.9 Reference
Access to bike racks during school hours* Yes, on grounds only 527 92.9 2.98 0.50-17.70 .229
No 40 7.1 Reference
Bikes stored in a secure area Yes 383 67.5 1.38 0.45-4.22 .571
No/don’t know 184 32.5 Reference
Religious tension perceived as problem* Major/moderate 43 7.6 1.73 0.29-10.13 .544
Minor 153 27.0 1.68 0.43-6.62 .459
No problem or don’t know 372 65.4 Reference
Garbage/litter perceived as problem* Major/moderate 52 9.2 3.31 0.66-16.52 .145
Minor 235 41.4 1.69 0.52-5.47 .380
No problem or don’t know 280 49.4 Reference
Drugs/drinking perceived as problem* Major/moderate 30 5.3 4.36 0.78-24.54 .094
Minor 92 16.2 0.72 0.14-3.56 .683
No/don’t know 445 78.5 Reference
Gangs perceived as problem* Major/moderate 25 4.4 3.98 0.64-24.87 .140
Minor 45 7.9 1.47 0.27-7.99 .654
No problem or don’t know 497 87.7 Reference
Traffic perceived as problem Major/moderate 126 22.2 3.41 0.86-13.56 .081
Minor 254 44.8 1.30 0.39-4.37 .671
No problem or don’t know 187 33.0 Reference
Vacant/shabby housing perceived as problem* Major/moderate 28 4.9 4.11 0.73-23.32 .110
Minor 43 7.6 4.26 0.58-31.15 .153
No problem or don’t know 496 87.5 Reference
Crime perceived as problem* Major/moderate 33 5.8 5.99 1.24-28.87 .026
Minor 190 33.5 1.89 0.57-6.29 .302
  No problem or don’t know 344 60.7 Reference
  1. Note: Odds ratios for engaging in active transportation were estimated using generalized linear mixed models adjusted only for school clustering. *Denotes that fewer than 5 schools have one of the categories being compared; these results should be interpreted with caution. Includes skateboard, rollerblades, scooters.