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Table 4 Adjusted hazard ratio for diabetes according to cardiorespiratory fitness level

From: Cardiorespiratory fitness and the incidence of type 2 diabetes: a cohort study of Japanese male athletes

  Cardiorespiratory fitness level, tertiles p for Trend
  Low Medium High  
Number of subjects 189 186 195  
Person-years of follow-up 4817 4867 4892  
Diagnosed type 2 diabetes# 14 5 3  
Rate per 10,000 parson-years 29.1 10.3 6.1  
Age adjusted hazard ratio (95% CI) 1.00 (Reference) 0.33 (0.12–0.91) 0.24 (0.07–0.83) 0.01
Multivariable adjusted hazard ratio* (95% CI) 1.00 (Reference) 0.40 (0.14–1.13) 0.26 (0.07–1.00) 0.03
  1. *Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for age, year of graduation, BMI, smoking and college sports club participation at college age.
  2. #Diabetes was diagnosed by physician.