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Table 3 Demographic details of study participants

From: Utility of telephone survey methods in population-based health studies of older adults: an example from the Alberta Older Adult Health Behavior (ALERT) study

  Overall Men N = 555 Women N = 741 P value Missing data
Age 66.5 ± 8.2 66.2 ± 8.1 66.6 ± 8.3 0.39 10
BMI 27.2 ± 5.1 27.2 ± 4.2 27.1 ± 5.7 0.69 17
Marital Status      
 Single 73 (6) 32 (6) 41 (6) <0.001 6
 Married 846 (66) 409 (74) 437 (59)   
 Common Law 41 (3) 19 (3) 22 (3)   
 Divorced 123 (10) 38 (7) 85 (12)   
 Separated 30 (2) 18 (3) 12 (2)   
 Widowed 177 (14) 28 (7) 139 (19)   
Education      
 Some high School 143 (11) 62 (11) 81 (11) <0.001 1
 High School 289 (22) 110 (20) 179 (24)   
 Some College 231 (18) 79 (14) 152 (21)   
 College/Univ Degree 565 (44) 252 (45) 313 (42)   
 Trade 67 (5) 52 (9) 15 (2)   
Income      
 <20 k 79 (8) 28 (6) 51 (9) <0.001 242
 20-39,999 226 (21) 69 (14) 157 (27)   
 40-59,999 173 (16) 74 (15) 99 (17)   
 60-79,999 161 (15) 76 (16) 85 (15)   
 80-99,999 122 (12) 65 (14) 57 (10)   
 >100 K 293 (28) 167 (35) 126 (22)   
Employment status      3
 Full-time 361 (28) 191 (35) 170 (23) <0.001  
 Part-Time 140 (11) 49 (9) 91 (12)   
 Unemployed, looking 24 (2) 8 (2) 16 (2)   
 Not working, not looking 13 (1) 2 (0) 11 (1)   
 Retired 678 (52) 275 (50) 403 (54)   
 Homemaker 29 (2) 0 (0) 29 (4)   
 Disability 22 (2) 11 (2) 11 (1)   
 Retired but working 10 (1) 8 (1) 2 (0)   
 Seasonal work 2 (0) 1 (0) 1 (0)   
 Self-employed 14 (1) 8 (1) 6 (1)   
Racial background      
 Caucasian 1221 (94) 516 (93) 705 (95) 0.14 3
 Aboriginal 16 (1) 6 (1) 10 (1)   
 Other 56 (4) 31 (6) 25 (4)   
Comorbidities      
 Cancer 239 (18) 106 (19) 133 (18) 0.613 0
 Diabetes 156 (12) 82 (15) 74 (10) 0.012  
 Asthma 101 (8) 30 (5) 71 (10) 0.006  
 Fibromyalgia 47 (4) 4 (1) 43 (6) <0.001  
 Osteoarthritis 345 (27) 86 (16) 259 (35) <0.001  
 Rheumatoid arthritis 114 (9) 48 (9) 66 (9) 0.921  
 COPD 66 (5) 32 (6) 34 (5) 0.372  
 Heart disease 146 (11) 79 (14) 67 (9) 0.004  
 Stroke 33 (3) 16 (3) 17 (2) 0.594  
 Bowel Disorder 95 (7) 32 (6) 63 (9) 0.067  
 Thyroid condition 196 (15) 33 (6) 163 (22) <0.001  
 Kidney dysfunction 38 (3) 21 (4) 17 (2) 0.135  
 Mood disorder 114 (9) 31 (6) 83 (11) <0.001  
 Internet access 1118 (86) 493 (89) 625 (84) 0.02 0
  1. Numbers may not equal 1,296 due to missing data.
  2. Data are presented as the mean (SD) for continuous variables (i.e., age, weight, and body mass index) and frequency (%) for categorical variables.
  3. Demographic and clinical characteristics of participants were compared using analysis of variance and chi square tests where appropriate.
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