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Table 1 Demographic and smoking-related characteristics of tobacco users (N = 231) in quit smoking clinics, Penang, Malaysia

From: Impact of additional counselling sessions through phone calls on smoking cessation outcomes among smokers in Penang State, Malaysia

Characteristics Value
Participants’ category  
Referred from outside-hospital clinic 70 (30.3%)
Referred from outpatient clinic 156 (67.5%)
Walk-in 5 (2.2%)
Age (mean ± SD) (years) 48.26 ± 13.7
Weight (mean ± SD) (kg) 62.09 ± 8.4
Sex  
Female 9 (3.9%)
Male 222 (96.1%)
Race  
Malay 88 (38.1%)
Chinese 114 (49.4%)
Indian 29 (12.5%)
Marital Status  
Single 42 (18.2%)
Divorced/Widow 33 (14.3%)
Married 156 (67.5%)
Education status  
Primary 109 (47.1%)
Secondary 100 (43.2%)
Collage/University 21 (9.1%)
No formal education 1 (0.6%)
Smoking habits/history  
Age started smoking (mean ± SD) 17.38 ± 3.9
Duration of smoking (mean ± SD) 31.03 ± 13.7
No. of Cigarettes smoked/day (mean ± SD) 13.78 ± 7.0
Breath Co level (ppm) (mean ± SD) 14.45 ± 4.9
FTND-M score (mean ± SD) 3.79 ± 1.2
Previous smoking attempt  
No 203 (87.9%)
Yes 28 (12.1%)
Other smokers in household  
No 150 (64.9%)
Yes 81 (35.1%)
  1. Note. SD = Standard Deviation; CO = carbon monoxide; ppm = part per million; FTND = Fagerström test for nicotine dependence.