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Table 4 Odds ratios (95% CI) for hyperuricemia according to categories of energy of sweetened beverage intake

From: Sweetened beverage consumption and the risk of hyperuricemia in Mexican adults: a cross-sectional study

  Men Women**
  < 0.5 SB/day ≥ 0.5-1.0 SB/day >1.0- < 3.0 SB/day ≥ 3 SB/day   < 0.5 SB/day ≥ 0.5-1.0 SB/day >1.0- < 3.0 SB/day ≥ 3 SB/day  
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) P-value* OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) P-value*
Model I 1.0 1.53 (1.03-2.28) 1.73 (1.19-2.51) 2.22 (1.54-3.21) <0.001 1.0 1.23 (0.96-1.58) 1.35 (1.06-1.71) 1.34 (1.04-1.71) 0.014
Model II 1.0 1.51 (1.01-2.24) 1.67 (1.14-2.43) 2.14 (1.47-3.10) <0.001 1.0 1.22 (0.95-1.57) 1.32 (1.04-1.68) 1.33 (1.04-1.71) 0.016
Model III 1.0 1.62 (1.07-2.43) 1.76 (1.19-2.60) 2.40 (1.63-3.53) <0.001 1.0 1.22 (0.95-1.56) 1.30 (1.02-1.66) 1.32 (1.02-1.71) 0.026
Model IV 1.0 1.59 (1.05-2.40) 1.68 (1.14-2.49) 2.29 (1.55-3.38) <0.001 1.0 1.19 (0.92-1.53) 1.33 (1.04-1.70) 1.35 (1.04-1.75) 0.015
  1. *P for linear trend.
  2. Model I: adjusted for age (18–27, 28–37, 38–47, 48–57, 58–70 years of age);
  3. Model II: adjusted for tobacco use (Current smoker, ex-smoker y non-smoker), physical activity (active ≥30 min/d, inactive < 30 min/d), weight change (did not gain, gained, lost);
  4. Model III: adjusted for calorie intake (quintiles),total meats (servings/day), seafood (servings/day), dairy products (servings/day), alcohol intake (g/d), total fruits (servings/day), vitamin C intake (mg/d), coffee (cups/day);
  5. Model IV: BMI (normal <25 kg/m2, overweight/obesity ≥25 kg/m2);
  6. **For women, model IV was additionally adjusted for menopause (%) and postmenopausal hormone use (%).