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Table 3 Differences in serum uric acid levels (mg/dL) according to categories of sugar-sweetened beverage intake

From: Sweetened beverage consumption and the risk of hyperuricemia in Mexican adults: a cross-sectional study

  Men Women**
  < 0.5 SB/day ≥ 0.5-1.0 SB/day >1.0- < 3.0 SB/day ≥ 3 SB/day   < 0.5 SB/day ≥ 0.5-1.0 SB/day >1.0- < 3.0 SB/day ≥ 3 SB/day  
  β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI) P-value* β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI) P-value*
Model I 0.0 0.16 (−0.04,0.38) 0.24 (0.04,0.44) 0.45 (0.26,0.65) <0.001 0.0 0.15 (0.05,0.25) 0.19 (0.10,0.28) 0.14 (0.05,0.24) 0.002
Model II 0.0 0.16 (−0.05,0.37) 0.22 (0.02,0.42) 0.42 (0.22,0.62) <0.001 0.0 0.15 (0.05,0.25) 0.14 (0.04,0.23) 0.18 (0.08,0.27) 0.004
Model III 0.0 0.15 (−0.05,0.36) 0.18 (0.01,0.38) 0.42 (0.22,0.62) <0.001 0.0 0.15 (0.5,0.24) 0.17 (0.07,0.26) 0.20 (0.10,0.29) <0.001
Model IV 0.0 0.14 (−0.06,0.35) 0.15 (−0.04,0.35) 0.38 (0.18,0.57) <0.001 0.0 0.14 (0.04,0.23) 0.18 (0.09,0.27) 0.21 (0.11,0.30) <0.001
  1. *P for linear trend.
  2. Model I: adjusted for age (18–27, 28–37, 38–47, 48–57, 58–70 years of age);
  3. Model II: adjusted for tobacco use (Current smoker, ex-smoker y non-smoker), physical activity (active ≥30 min/d, inactive < 30 min/d), weight change (did not gain, gained, lost);
  4. Model III: adjusted for calorie intake (quintiles),total meats (servings/day), seafood (servings/day), dairy products (servings/day), alcohol intake (g/day), total fruits (servings/day), vitamin C intake (mg/day), coffee (cups/day);
  5. Model IV: BMI (normal <25 kg/m2, overweight/obesity ≥25 kg/m2);
  6. **For women, model IV was additionally adjusted for menopause (%) and postmenopausal hormone use (%).