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Table 1 Characteristics of Mexican adults from the baseline assessment of the Health Workers Cohort Study

From: Sweetened beverage consumption and the risk of hyperuricemia in Mexican adults: a cross-sectional study

  Men Women  
  n = 1956 (29.2%) n = 4749 (70.8%) P-value*
Age (years) Ş 42.6 (11.6) 43.0 (12.2) 0.1
18-27% 9.1 11.9 < 0.001
28-37 27.6 23.2 <0.001
38-47 29.4 29.4 0.9
48-57 22.3 22.3 0.9
58-70 11.6 13.2 0.1
BMI (kg/m 2 ) Ş 27.1 (3.9) 26.7 (4.7) < 0.001
Overweight % Ω 50.6 38.9 < 0.001
Obese % Ω 19.1 20.4 0.2
Waist circumference (cm) Ş 93.7 (10.9) 89.7 (12.7) < 0.001
Central obesity % ¶ 20.1 53.0 < 0.001
Body fat proportion by mass Ş 30.3 (7.3) 42.6 (6.6) < 0.001
Excess (>25 M, >35 W), % 80.7 87.1 < 0.001
Physical activity (min/d) Ş 33.3 (39.0) 22.5 (28.5) < 0.001
Active (≥30 min/d), % 41.0 31.8 < 0.001
Tobacco use %    
Ex-smoker 37.9 20.6 < 0.001
Current smoker 26.7 17.6 < 0.001
Uric acid (mg/dL) Ş 5.9 (1.5) 4.4 (1.2) < 0.001
Hyperuricemia % + 20.6 13.5 < 0.001
Dietary variables    
Portions of sugar-sweetened beverages/dayŞ 1.8 (1.6) 1.6 (1.5) < 0.001
Portions of diet soft drinks 0.05 (0.2) 0.07 (0.3) 0.019
Portions of orange juice 0.36 (0.6) 0.42 (0.6) <0.001
Calorie intake from sweetened beverages (Kcal/day)Ş 225 (198) 186 (184) < 0.001
Percent of energy intake from sweetened beveragesŞ 9.5 (7.2) 8.5 (7.2) < 0.001
Total calorie intake (Kcal/day)Ş 2318 (925) 2146 (898) < 0.001
Carbohydrates (% of energy)Ş 59.0 (8.5) 61.1 (8.6) < 0.001
Fat (% of energy)Ş 20.3 (5.1) 20.5 (5.4) 0.2
Alcohol intake (gr/day) 9.2 (22.2) 2.2 (5.4) < 0.001
Total meat intake (servings/day)a 1.5 (1.0) 1.3 (0.9) < 0.001
Seafood intake (servings/day)b 0.15 (0.2) 0.14 (0.2) 0.05
Low fat dairy intake (serving/day)c 0.48 (0.9) 0.56 (1.0) 0.002
High fat dairy intake (servings/day)d 1.8 (1.6) 2.2 (2.1) < 0.001
Coffee intake (servings/day) 0.5 (0.9) 0.5 (0.9) 0.8
Total fruit intake (servings/day)e 3.7 (3.5) 5.1 (5.0) <0.001
Total vitamin C intake (mg/day)f 240.7 (206.6) 308.7 (261.8) <0.001
  1. ŞValues are means and with SD in parentheses, unless otherwise specified;
  2. Ω BMI: Overweight ≥ 25 - < 30 kg/m2; Obese, when BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2;
  3. ¶ Central obesity: > 102 cm in men and > 88 cm in women;
  4. + Hyperuricemia: ≥ 7.0 mg/dL for men, and ≥ 5.8 mg/dL for women;
  5. aTotal meat included main or mixed dish of beef/pork/lamb/, processed meat (sausage/bacon/ham/cecina/chorizo), poultry, chicken liver, beef liver, fried pork chunks;
  6. bSeafood intake included tuna, sardines, other seafood;
  7. cLow fat dairy foods included skim/low fat milk and panela cheese;
  8. dHigh fat dairy foods included whole milk, cream, butter, ice cream, cream cheese, and other cheese.
  9. eTotal fruit intake included banana, plum, peach, apple, orange, grapes, strawberry, blackberry, melon, watermelon, mango, tangerine, pear, mammee apple, sapote, prickly pear, papaya, pineapple;
  10. fTotal vitamin C included dietary vitamin C and supplemental vitamin C;
  11. * P < 0.05, difference in mean and proportion between sexes. Values were determined using a student’s t-test for continuous variable and a chi2 test for categorical variables.