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Table 4 Primary causes of death of the 45 deaths recorded during follow-up

From: Gender differences in mortality and risk factors in a 13-year cohort study of street-recruited injecting drug users

Primary causes of death Women n = 8 (100%) Men = 37 (100%) Total n = 45 (100%)
Acute intoxications
   Due to the use of opioids 5 (63%) 12 (32%) 17 (38%)
   Due to use of sedatives or hypnotics 0 1 (3%) 1 (2%)
  Accidental poisoning by and exposure to narcotics and psychodysleptics [hallucinogens], not elsewhere classified 0 7 (19%) 7 (16%)
Dependence syndrome 1 (12%) 1 (3%) 2 (4%)
Suicide 1 (12%) 2 (5%) 3 (7%)
Acute infections (meningococcal infections and sepsis) 0 2 (5%) 2 (4%)
Chronic infections (hepatitis C and HIV) 0 4 (11%) 4 (9%)
Other causes (traffic accidents, drowning, asthma, malignant neoplasm of other connective and soft tissue) 1 (12%) 8 (22%) 9 (20%)