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Table 3 Univariable model for factors associated with childhood overweight/obesity and physical activity

From: Correlates of objectively measured overweight/obesity and physical activity in Kenyan school children: results from ISCOLE-Kenya

  Overweight/Obese (%) p-value Met daily MVPA guidelines (%) p-value
Individual Factors     
 Sex     
   Boys 54 (20.6%) NS 46 (17.6%) 0.0013
   Girls 63 (20.9%) 25 (8.3%)
 Transport to School     
   Active 36 (14.7%) 0.0019 55 (22.4%) < 0.0001
   Motorised 75 (25.8%) 16 (5.5%)
 BMI Categories     
   Overweight/Obese    3 (2.6%) < 0.0001
   Underweight/Healthy weight   68 (15.3%)
Parental Factors     
 Maternal Education Level     
   Primary or less 3 (3.3%) < 0.0001 34 (37.4%) < 0.0001
   High school or less 24 (14.7%) 23 (14.1%)
   Diploma/Higher diploma/Degree 69 (29.1%) 12 (5.1%)
   Graduate/Profession degree 21 (31.3%) 2 (3.0%)
 Paternal Education Level     
   Primary or less 1 (2.3%) < 0.0001 13 (30.2%) < 0.0001
   High school or less 14 (8.8%) 31 (19.5%)
   Diploma/Higher diploma/Degree 54 (27.4%) 9 (4.6%)
   Graduate/Profession degree 41 (36.6%) 7 (6.3%)
 Maternal BMI (kg/m2); as continuous variable 0.11 (r-value) 0.0297   NS
 Paternal BMI (kg/m2); as continuous variable 0.27 (r-value) < 0.0001   NS
Household Environment Factors     
 Total Annual Household Income (Kshs)     
   Low SES (<466,728) 27 (10.2%) < 0.0001 59 (22.4%) < 0.0001
   Mid SES (466,728 - 1,799,999) 47 (26.6%) 10 (5.7%)
   High SES (>1,800,000) 35 (34.3%) 2 (2.0%)
School Environment Factors     
 Participation by Type of School     
   Public 27 (9.2%) < 0.0001 69 (23.4%) < 0.0001
   Private 90 (33.6%) 2 (0.8%)
  1. Acronyms: NS (not significant); BMI (body mass index); SES (socioeconomic status); Kshs (Kenya shillings).
  2. Note: Spearman correlation coefficients presented for continuous variables.