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Table 2 Profile of the study population: univariate analysis and frequency of CMD (positive) according to variable status

From: The role of intimate partner violence and other health-related social factors on postpartum common mental disorders: a survey-based structural equation modeling analysis

Variables Univariate CMD (+ve)
  n % n % p-value
Socio-economic strata (BCEC)      
  A 15 1.9 (0.9 - 2.8) 2 13.3 (3.1 - 41.8) 0.011
  B 81 10.0 (7.9 - 12.1) 12 14.8 (8.5 - 24.3)
  C 369 45.5 (42.1 - 49.0) 86 23.3 (19.2 - 27.9)
  D 330 40.7 (37.3 - 44.1) 100 30.3 (25.5 - 35.4)
  E 15 1.9 (0.9 - 2.8) 6 40.0 (18.5 - 66.0)
Household condition (score)      
  7 (best) 199 24.6 (21.6 - 27.5) 33 16.5 (12.0 - 22.4) < 0.001
  6 235 29.0 (25.9 - 32.1) 49 20.8 (16.1 - 26.5)
  ≤ 5 (worse) 376 46.4 (43.0 - 49.9) 124 33.0 (28.4 – 37.9)
Schooling (women)      
  > 9 years 295 36.4 (33.1 - 39.7) 49 16.6 (12.7 - 21.3) < 0.001
  ≤ 9 years 515 63.5 (60.2 - 66.9) 245 83.3 (78.6 - 87.2)
Women’s age at the beginning of latest pregnancy      
  > 35 years 70 8.6 (6.7 - 10.6) 9 12.3 (06.5 - 22.1) 0.003
  20 - 35 years 517 63.8 (60.5 - 67.1) 138 24.9 (21.4 - 28.6)
  < 20 years 223 27.5 (24.4 - 30.6) 59 32.2 (25.8 - 39.3)
Conjugal instability      
  No 701 86.5 (84.2 - 88.9) 142 21.8 (18.8 - 25.1) < 0.001
  Yes 109 13.5 (11.1 - 15.8) 64 40.5 (33.1 - 48.4)
Number of children under 5 years      
  One 601 74.2 (71.2 - 77.2) 135 22.5 (19.3 - 26.0) 0.002
  Two 173 21.4 (18.5 - 24.2) 55 31.8 (25.3 - 39.1)
  Three 36 4.4 (3.0 - 5.9) 16 44.4 (29.1 - 60.9)
Stressful life events during pregnancy      
  None 389 48.0 (44.6 - 51.4) 45 11.6 (8.7 - 15.2) < 0.001
  One event 281 34.7 (31.4 - 38.0) 93 33.1 (27.8 - 38.8)
  Two or more events 140 17.3 (14.7 - 19.9) 68 48.6 (40.4 - 56.9)
Misuse of alcohol      
  No 421 52.0 (48.5 - 55.4) 79 18.8 (15.3 - 22.8) < 0.001
  Woman only 202 24.9 (21.9 - 27.9) 59 29.2 (23.3 - 35.9)
  Partner only 117 14.4 (12.0 - 16.9) 43 36.8 (28.5 - 45.9)
  Both 70 8.6 (6.7 - 10.6) 25 35.7 (25.3 - 47.6)
Abuse of illicit drugs      
  No 695 85.8 (83.4 - 88.2) 154 22.2 (19.2 - 25.4) < 0.001
  Woman only 11 1.4 (0.6 - 2.1) 6 54.5 (25.6 - 80.7)
  Partner only 82 10.1 (8.0 - 12.2) 33 40.2 (30.2 - 51.2)
  Both 22 2.7 (1.6 - 3.8) 13 59.1 (37.7 - 77.5)
Psychological IPV during pregnancy      
  None 146 18.0 (15.4 - 20.7) 19 13.0 (8.4 - 19.5) < 0.001
  One event 77 9.5 (7.5 - 11.5) 18 23.4 (15.2 - 34.2)
  Two or more events 587 72.5 (69.3 – 75.4) 169 28.8 (25.3 - 32.6)
Physical IPV during pregnancy      
  None 504 62.2 (58.9 - 65.6) 86 17.1 (14.0 - 20.6) < 0.001
  One event 87 10.7 (8.6 - 12.9) 27 31.0 (22.2 - 41.6)
  Two or more events 219 27.0 (24.0 - 30.2) 93 42.5 (36.1 - 49.1)  
  1. Note: Variable levels used for description are based on the scorings used in the main analysis (SEM). See Table 1.