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Table 4 Factors associated with intimate partner violence reported by women

From: Gender-specific differences in risk for intimate partner violence in South Korea

Variables Victimization Perpetration
  Verbal Physical Verbal Physical
Age (years)         
30-39 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
40-49 1.23 (0.99 - 1.54) 0.75 (0.53 - 1.07) 1.04 (0.84 - 1.30) 0.79 (0.52 - 1.22)
50-59 1.06 (0.82 - 1.36) 0.63 (0.42 - 0.96) 0.86 (0.66 - 1.10) 0.43 (0.24 - 0.77)
60-69 0.69 (0.51 - 0.93) 0.31 (0.18 - 0.52) 0.57 (0.42 - 0.78) 0.22 (0.09 - 0.50)
70+ 0.53 (0.38 - 0.75) 0.15 (0.08 - 0.28) 0.43 (0.30 - 0.61) 0.14 (0.05 - 0.39)
Education         
None or elementary school 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Middle or high school 0.77 (0.61 - 0.96) 0.70 (0.46 - 1.07) 0.73 (0.57 - 0.92) 1.07 (0.53 - 2.17)
University or higher 0.76 (0.56 - 1.02) 0.67 (0.39 - 1.13) 0.87 (0.64 - 1.17) 1.38 (0.62 - 3.11)
Satisfaction with family relationships         
Satisfied 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Neutral 1.66 (1.39 - 1.99) 2.43 (1.80 - 3.28) 1.48 (1.23 - 1.78) 1.94 (1.24 - 3.04)
Not satisfied 3.17 (2.23 - 4.52) 6.68 (4.23 - 10.56) 2.78 (1.95 - 3.96) 9.46 (5.21 - 17.19)
Satisfaction with one’s personal life         
Satisfied 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Neutral 1.48 (1.25 - 1.76) 1.63 (1.16 - 2.29) 1.45 (1.22 - 1.73) 1.45 (0.92 - 2.27)
Not satisfied 1.96 (1.55 - 2.49) 2.52 (1.64 - 3.89) 2.36 (1.85 - 3.00) 2.23 (1.22 - 4.08)
Alcohol intake         
Nondrinker 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Light drinker (1-4 drinks) 1.38 (1.17 - 1.62) 1.21 (0.91 - 1.61) 1.45 (1.23 - 1.70) 1.13 (0.76 - 1.67)
Moderate drinker (5-9 drinks) 1.68 (1.24 - 2.27) 1.58 (0.98 - 2.53) 1.53 (1.13 - 2.08) 2.15 (1.21 - 3.83)
Heavy drinker (10 ≤ drinks) 1.47 (0.80 - 2.70) 1.78 (0.75 - 4.18) 1.83 (1.00 - 3.35) 3.18 (1.23 - 8.20)
  1. Results are presented as adjusted odds ratios and (95% confidence intervals), and adjusted for age, education, household income, employment status, perceived wealth during childhood, satisfaction with family relationships, satisfaction with one’s personal life, smoking, and alcohol intake.