Skip to main content

Table 3 Factors associated with intimate partner violence reported by men

From: Gender-specific differences in risk for intimate partner violence in South Korea

Variables Victimization Perpetration
  Verbal Physical Verbal Physical
Age (years)         
30-39 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
40-49 1.16 (0.89 - 1.51) 0.92 (0.57 - 1.50) 1.11 (0.85 - 1.45) 0.70 (0.45 - 1.07)
50-59 0.98 (0.74 - 1.30) 0.46 (0.26 - 0.81) 1.02 (0.77 - 1.35) 0.52 (0.32 - 0.83)
60-69 0.75 (0.55 - 1.03) 0.18 (0.08 - 0.39) 0.81 (0.60 - 1.11) 0.36 (0.20 - 0.64)
70+ 0.74 (0.54 - 1.02) 0.08 (0.04 - 0.20) 0.73 (0.53 - 1.00) 0.27 (0.15 - 0.51)
Education         
None or elementary school 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Middle or high school 0.81 (0.66 - 1.01) 0.69 (0.38 - 1.26) 0.81 (0.66 - 1.00) 1.09 (0.69 - 1.71)
University or higher 0.82 (0.62 - 1.07) 0.74 (0.37 - 1.50) 0.83 (0.63 - 1.08) 0.97 (0.56 - 1.70)
Employment status         
Employed full time 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Employed part time 1.13 (0.94 - 1.36) 0.73 (0.48 - 1.13) 1.18 (0.98 - 1.42) 1.45 (1.05 - 2.02)
Self employed 1.13 (0.88 - 1.45) 1.22 (0.68 - 2.19) 1.16 (0.90 - 1.48) 0.83 (0.47 - 1.44)
Unemployed 0.93 (0.74 - 1.17) 0.82 (0.44 - 1.54) 1.02 (0.82 - 1.28) 0.99 (0.61 - 1.60)
Satisfaction with family relationships         
Satisfied 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Neutral 1.68 (1.39 - 2.02) 1.58 (1.01 - 2.47) 1.73 (1.43 - 2.08) 2.38 (1.70 - 3.35)
Not satisfied 2.44 (1.66 - 3.58) 5.49 (2.91 - 10.37) 2.54 (1.74 - 3.71) 4.68 (2.66 - 8.27)
Satisfaction with one’s personal life         
Satisfied 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Neutral 1.30 (1.10 - 1.54) 1.62 (1.05 - 2.51) 1.31 (1.11 - 1.55) 1.55 (1.08 - 2.21)
Not satisfied 1.76 (1.39 - 2.22) 3.07 (1.79 - 5.26) 1.69 (1.34 - 2.13) 2.51 (1.60 - 3.95)
Alcohol intake         
Nondrinker 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Light drinker (1-4 drinks) 1.50 (1.22 - 1.83) 1.46 (0.84 - 2.57) 1.36 (1.11 - 1.67) 1.17 (0.74 - 1.84)
Moderate drinker (5-9 drinks) 1.71 (1.40 - 2.08) 1.62 (0.97 - 2.70) 1.92 (1.58 - 2.33) 1.58 (1.05 - 2.38)
Heavy drinker (10 ≤ drinks) 2.06 (1.65 - 2.58) 2.54 (1.49 - 4.31) 2.00 (1.60 - 2.50) 2.81 (1.84 - 4.30)
  1. Results are presented as adjusted odds ratios and (95% confidence intervals), and adjusted for age, education, household income, employment status, perceived wealth during childhood, satisfaction with family relationships, satisfaction with one’s personal life, smoking, and alcohol intake.