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Table 1 Descriptive data across the type of intimate partner violence among men

From: Gender-specific differences in risk for intimate partner violence in South Korea

Variables Total % Victim Perpetrator
    Verbal % p-value Physical % p-value Verbal % p-value Physical % p-value
Age (years)               
30-39 401 8.82 104 25.9 <.0001 26 6.5 <.0001 105 26.2 <.0001 37 9.2 <.0001
40-49 1103 24.27 322 29.2   69 6.3   317 28.7   77 7.0  
50-59 955 21.01 254 26.6   35 3.7   267 28.0   54 5.7  
60-69 750 16.5 159 21.2   12 1.6   176 23.5   28 3.7  
70+ 1336 29.39 269 20.1   13 1.0   286 21.4   35 2.6  
Education               
None or elementary school 1056 23.23 253 24.0 0.936 23 2.2 0.021 278 26.3 0.645 38 3.6 0.034
Middle or high school 2143 47.15 525 24.5   75 3.5   541 25.2   123 5.7  
University or higher 1346 29.61 330 24.5   57 4.2   332 24.7   70 5.2  
Household income               
Quartile 1 1086 23.89 233 21.5 0.058 25 2.3 0.080 263 24.2 0.777 40 3.7 0.032
Quartile 2 1106 24.33 276 25.0   46 4.2   280 25.3   53 4.8  
Quartile 3 1162 25.57 305 26.2   45 3.9   303 26.1   74 6.4  
Quartile 4 1191 26.2 294 24.7   39 3.3   305 25.6   64 5.4  
Employment status               
Employed full time 2161 47.55 521 24.1 0.006 86 4.0 0.022 523 24.2 0.015 107 5.0 <.0001
Employed part time 989 21.76 276 27.9   36 3.6   288 29.1   77 7.8  
Self employed 491 10.8 121 24.6   17 3.5   127 25.9   17 3.5  
Unemployed 904 19.89 190 21.0   16 1.8   213 23.6   30 3.3  
Perceived wealth in childhood               
Poor 2146 47.22 520 24.2 0.843 67 3.1 0.319 559 26.0 0.431 110 5.1 0.920
Average 1878 41.32 465 24.8   73 3.9   470 25.0   93 5.0  
Wealthy 521 11.46 123 23.6   15 2.9   122 23.4   28 5.4  
Satisfaction with family relationships               
Satisfied 3682 81.01 814 22.1 <.0001 107 2.9 <.0001 839 22.8 <.0001 148 4.0 <.0001
Neutral 732 16.11 238 32.5   30 4.1   253 34.6   62 8.5  
Not satisfied 131 2.88 56 42.7   18 13.7   59 45.0   21 16.0  
Satisfaction with one’s personal life               
Satisfied 1668 36.7 332 19.9 <.0001 37 2.2 <.0001 339 20.3 <.0001 55 3.3 <.0001
Neutral 2167 47.68 547 25.2   71 3.3   575 26.5   114 5.3  
Not satisfied 710 15.62 229 32.3   47 6.6   237 33.4   62 8.7  
Smoking               
Never 2351 51.73 512 21.8 <.0001 57 2.4 0.000 525 22.3 <.0001 91 3.9 0.000
Ever 2194 48.27 596 27.2   98 4.5   626 28.5   140 6.4  
Alcohol intake               
Nondrinker 1373 30.21 243 17.7 <.0001 25 1.8 <.0001 253 18.4 <.0001 42 3.1 <.0001
Light drinker (1-4 drinks) 1053 23.17 249 23.6   28 2.7   242 23.0   38 3.6  
Moderate drinker (5-9 drinks) 1381 30.39 380 27.5   53 3.8   422 30.6   77 5.6  
Heavy drinker (10 ≤ drinks) 738 16.24 236 32.0   49 6.6   234 31.7   74 10.0  
Total 4545 100 1108 24.4   155 3.4   1151 25.3   231 5.1