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Table 4 Sign and statistical significance of the estimated path coefficients for the model in Figure 1

From: Analysing the socioeconomic determinants of hypertension in South Africa: a structural equation modelling approach

  Dependent variable
  Women Men
Independent variable SBP DBP BMI Alcohol Smoking Exercise HR SBP DBP BMI Alcohol Smoking Exercise HR
Education
Income
BMI            
Alcohol          
Smoking        
Exercise        
HR            
  1. Note: / = An increase in the value of the independent variable predicts an increase in the value of the dependent variable; / = An increase in the value of the independent variable predicts a decrease in the value of the dependent variable; Filled/hollow symbols = Statistically significant/non significant coefficients (α=5%).