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Table 2 Average blood pressure and prevalence of hypertension in the South African adult population

From: Analysing the socioeconomic determinants of hypertension in South Africa: a structural equation modelling approach

  Women Men
Variable Estimate 95% CI Estimate 95% CI
SBP (mmHg) 122.8 [122.0 ; 123.7] 125.7 [124.8 ; 126.7]
DBP (mmHg) 80.6 [80.0 ; 81.3] 78.9 [78.2 ; 79.6]
Hypertension prevalence (%) 33.5 [31.5 ; 35.4] 28.0 [26.0 ; 30.0]
Subjects on antihypertensive medication (%) 13.3 [12.0 ; 14.7] 5.8 [4.9 ; 6.7]
  1. Estimates take into account the complex sample design of the NIDS. Subjects on medication are considered hypertensive, regardless of their blood pressure readings.