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Table 3 Crude and fully adjusted main effects of the predictor variables on spousal mental health and life satisfaction

From: Mental health and wellbeing in spouses of persons with dementia: the Nord-Trøndelag health study

  Life satisfaction Symptoms of depression Symptoms of anxiety
Crude B(CI) Adjusted B(CI) Crude B(CI) Adjusted B(CI) Crude B(CI) Adjusted B(CI)
Dementia Non-dementia 0.48 (0.29 – 0.67) ***0a 0.32 (0.14 – 0.50) ***0a 0.49 (0.31– 0.68) ***0a 0.30 (0.12 – 0.48) 0a 0.32 (0.14 – 0.51) *0a 0.21 (0.02 – 0.39) 0a
Gender     0.08 (0.03 – 0.13)**   
Men -0.04 (-0.09 – 0.02) 0.02 (-0.03 – 0.08) 0.07 (0.02 – 0.13)** 0a -0.30 (-0.36 – -0.25)*** -0.28 (-0.33 – -0.23)***
Women 0a 0a 0a   0a 0a
Age *** *** *** -0.02 (-0.31 – 0.26) ** **
> 85 years -0.31 (-0.62 – -0.01)* -0.79 (-1.08 – -0.51)*** 0.52 (0.22 – 0.82)*** 0.06 (-0.07 – 0.20) -0.13 (-0.44 – 0.07) -0.34 (-0.64 – -0.05)*
81-85 years -0.19 (-0.34– -0.05)** -0.48 (-0.61 – -0.34)*** 0.41 (0.39 – 0.58)*** 0.02 (-0.09 – 0.12) 0.04 (-0.10 – 0.10) -0.14 (-0.29 – -0.00)*
76-80 years -0.22 (-0.33 – -0.12)*** -0.41 (-0.51 – -0.31)*** 0.28 (0.17 – 0.38)*** 0.04 (-0.04 – 0.13) 0.03 (-0.14 – 0.08) -0.13 (-0.24 – -0.02)*
71-75 years -0.26 (-0.35 – -0.17)*** -0.35 (-0.44 – - 0.26)*** 0.19 (0.10 – 0.28)*** -0.05 (-0.13 – 0.02) -0.09 (-0.18 – 0.00)* -0.11 (-0.20 – -0.02)*
66-70 years -0.23 (-0.31 – -0.15)*** -0.27 (-0.35 – -0.20)*** 0.03 (-0.05 – 0.11) -0.01 (-0.08 – 0.06) -0.15 (-0.23 – -0.07)*** -0.14 (-0.22 – -0.06)***
61-65 years -0.11 (-0.18 – -0.03)** -0.12 (-0.19 – -0.05)*** 0.03 (-0.05 – 0.10) 0a -0.12 (-0.20 – -0.05)** -0.10 (-0.18 – -0.03)**
56-60 years 0a 0a 0a   0a 0a
Income b -0.02 (-0.05 – 0.01) 0.00 (-0.03 – 0.03) -0.12 (-0.15 – -0.09)*** 0.00 (-0.03 – 0.03) -0.06 (-0.09 – -0.03)*** 0.01 (-0.02 – 0.04)
Education b 0.00 (-0.03 – 0.03) 0.06 (0.03 – 0.09)*** -0.13 (-0.15 – -0.10)*** -0.02 (-0.05 – 0.01) -0.09 (-0.12 – -0.06)*** -0.04 (-0.07 – -0.01)*
Spousal age difference -0.01 (-0.04 – 0.02) -0.03 (-0.05 – 0.00) -0.06 (-0.09 – -0.04)*** -0.03 (-0.05 – 0.02) -0.01 (-0.03 – 0.02) 0.01 (-0.02 – 0.04)
Living arrangements     0.05 (-0.23 – 0.33)   
Living alone 0.78 (0.51 – 1.04)*** 0.66 (0.40 – 0.92)*** 0.35 (0.08 – 0.61)* 0a 0.25 (0.02 – 0.52)*** 0.10 (0.17 – 0.37)*
Living with spouse 0a 0a 0a   0a 0a
Subjective health bc 0.36 (0.34 – 0.39)*** 0.32 (0.29 – 0.35)*** 0.37 (0.34 – 0.39)*** 0.32 (0.29 – 0.35)*** 0.30 (0.28 – 0.33)*** 0.25 (0.22 – 0.28)***
Impaired functioning b 0.22 (0.19 – 0.25)*** 0.09 (0.06 – 0.12)*** 0.25 (0.23 – 0.28)*** 0.08 (0.05 – 0.11)*** 0.18 (0.15 – 0.20)*** 0.07 (0.04 – 0.09)***
Receptive cultural act b -0.08 (-0.11 – -0.06)*** -0.03 (-0.05 – 0.00) -0.13 (-0.15 – -0.10)*** -0.05 (-0.08 – -0.02)*** -0.05 (-0.08 – -0.03)*** 0.01 (-0.02 – 0.04)
Creative cultural act b -0.08 (-0.10 – -0.05)*** -0.02 (-0.05 – 0.01) -0.17(-0.19 – -0.14)*** -0.11 (-0.14 – -0.08)*** -0.09 (-0.11 – -0.06)*** -0.02 (-0.05 – 0.01)
Social support bc 0.17 (0.14 – 0.19)*** 0.13 (0.10 – 0.15)*** 0.23 (0.20 – 0.25)*** 0.22 (0.20 – 0.25)*** 0.14 (0.11– 0.16)*** 0.11 (0.09 – 0.14)***
  1. ***p < 0.001 **p < 0.01 *p < 0.05 aReference group bthe scale is standardized cthe scale is reversed B-values indicate fractions of standard deviation.