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Table 4 Intervention type, focus, duration and setting

From: Health promotion interventions for increasing stroke awareness in ethnic minorities: a systematic review of the literature

ID Study Intervention type Focus Duration of intervention Setting
1 Boden-Albala 2010 [44] • Two sessions about stroke education Awareness 2 brief sessions within 3 weeks of stroke/TIA onset Hospital or home
2 Chan 2008 [45] • Stroke education program (video) Awareness 12 minutes Emergency department
3 Covington 2010 [46] • PowerPoint presentation Equal focus Single, brief session • Churches
   • Educational materials to take home    • Group homes
   • Blood pressure screening and referral    • Community centers, and community organizations"
4 Dromerick 2011 [47] • Stroke navigators visiting patients Equal focus Advice sessions over one year Home
5 Duraski 2006 [49]; Duraski 2003 [48] • Short slide presentation Equal focus 1 to 2 hours Community centres and community organizations
   • Stroke risk assessment screening   
   • Advice/discussion.   
6 Duraski 2007 [50] • Focus group session Awareness 30 to 60 minutes Unknown
   • Slide presentation    
   • Interactive questions/answers    
7 Frank 2008 [51] • Cardiovascular diseases and stroke education sessions Prevention/risk factors About 2 hours for each intervention African-American churches
   • Screening    
   • Integration with Bible study, individual counselling, healthy food    
8 Kalenderian 2009 [53] • Educational sessions, distribution of educational package to "ambassadors" Prevention/risk factors Various, depending on specific interventions Faith-based institutions, churches
   • Educational activities by ambassadors in churches, e.g. by brochures, videos, posters.    
9 Kleindorfer 2008 [54] • Trained beauticians educated their customers Awareness A session at the beauty salon Beauty salons
   • Distribution of stroke-related study packets    
10 Miller 2003 [55] • Education about knowledge of stroke symptoms and modifiable stroke risk factors. Equal focus 1-hour initial educational intervention:15’ follow-up Medical practice (some follow-ups at home).
11 Morgenstern 2007 [56]; Gonzales 2007 [52]; Mullen Conley 2010 [29] • Lessons to children about stroke signs and symptoms and to improve skills, self-efficacy and behaviour. Awareness • Four 50-minute classes each year for three years School and home
   • Parents were taught about stroke by their children as homework assignment   • homework with parents at home.  
12 Villablanca 2009 [57] • Clinical lectures Prevention/risk factors 12-14 counselling sessions, (only a minority on stroke awareness) Various faith-based, academic and non-academic sites
   • Health demonstrations, video presentations, personal testimonies, medical screenings    
13 Williams 2008 [58] • "Culturally and age-appropriate music and dance to enhance an interactive didactic curriculum including the FAST mnemonic" Awareness 1-hour sessions over 3 consecutive days School
14 Williams 2012 [59] • Stroke communication intervention Equal focus Short (not quantified) Home
   • Shared completion of stroke-related homework between children and parents    
15 Williamson 2009 [60] • "Educational session Prevention/risk factors Interventions over two years A rural African American church
   • Health screenings and weight watchers program    
   • Integration with faith-based activities